Psychological Skills Training with Community College Athletes: The UNIFORM Approach

in The Sport Psychologist

Click name to view affiliation

Colleen M. Horn Willow International Center

Search for other papers by Colleen M. Horn in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Jenelle N. Gilbert California State University, Fresno

Search for other papers by Jenelle N. Gilbert in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Wade Gilbert California State University, Fresno

Search for other papers by Wade Gilbert in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Dawn K. Lewis California State University, Fresno

Search for other papers by Dawn K. Lewis in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

The present study examined a 10-week psychological skills training (PST) intervention called UNIFORM (Johnson & Gilbert, 2004) with a community college softball team. The intervention was based on the transtheoretical model (Prochaska & Marcus, 1994). Results showed that the athletes learned the skills, enjoyed the intervention, and significantly increased their application of relaxation and goal setting during practice and their application of relaxation, imagery, and self-talk during competition as measured by the Test of Performance Strategies (Thomas, Murphy, & Hardy, 1999). Though there were some positive changes, decisional balance and self-efficacy scores (DB-PST, SE-PST; Leffingwell, Rider, & Williams, 2001) were not statistically significant. The UNIFORM approach enabled community college athletes to learn psychological skills and apply them during practice, competition, and in their everyday lives.

Horn is with the Dept. of Health Science, Willow International Center, Fresno, CA. J.N. Gilbert, W. Gilbert, and Lewis are with the Dept. of Kinesiology, California State University, Fresno, Fresno, CA.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 2622 857 58
Full Text Views 168 20 2
PDF Downloads 181 36 4