Revisions to the Sport Psychology Service Delivery (SPSD) Heuristic: Explorations With Experienced Consultants

in The Sport Psychologist

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Artur PoczwardowskiUniversity of Denver

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Clay P. ShermanCalifornia State University Fullerton

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Sport psychology service delivery (SPSD) heuristic (Poczwardowski, Sherman, & Henschen, 1998) included key components of applied work. Nevertheless, the complexities of sport psychology consulting need an even broader representation. In individual, semistructured interviews, 10 experienced sport psychology consultants explored the usefulness of the original heuristic and newly added elements in their professional practice. Inductive analysis (Lincoln & Guba, 1985) resulted in a total of 2409 meaning units that were grouped into 127 lower-order themes and 32 higher-order themes that were used to clarify, expand, and revise the SPSD model as interpreted by the participants. Based on the new elements (i.e., consultant-client relationship, the consultant variables, the client variables, immersion, and the goodness of fit) and two meta-themes (i.e., interrelation and person-focused values), a newly configured heuristic is proposed (SPSD-Revised). Future researchers will benefit from different research methods and diversified conceptualizations of sport psychology service delivery to account for professional practice variables in various contexts.

Poczwardowski is with the Dept. of GSPP, University of Denver, Denver, CO. Sherman is with California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA.

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