Group Dynamics in Sports: An Overview and Recommendations on Diagnostic and Intervention

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Jens Kleinert German Sport University Cologne

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Jeannine Ohlert German Sport University Cologne

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Bert Carron The University of Western Ontario

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Mark Eys Wilfrid Laurier University

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Deborah Feltz Michigan State University

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Chris Harwood Loughborough University

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Lother Linz Sports Geist

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Roland Seiler University of Bern

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Marion Sulprizio German Sport University Cologne

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Working with teams and training groups is a common and major challenge for applied sport psychologists. This document is a position statement on the rationales, methods, and procedures of team-focused approaches in the practice of sport psychology. Furthermore, practice recommendations and research desiderata are discussed. To develop the paper, a consensus conference with nine experts from North America and Europe was held in Spring 2010. First, the paper presents the rationale for team-focused interventions and addresses the concepts of team cohesion, team efficacy, team potency, and a task involving leadership style. Second, the contributions of sport psychologists to enhancing group functioning are discussed, including methods for enhancing interpersonal skills, team climate, and coach athlete relationships. Third, determinants of how sport psychologists decide procedure and build trust in working with teams are articulated. Finally, the consensus group recommends an intensified effort to examine the effects and practice applicability of theory-driven, ecologically valid interventions.

Kleinert, Ohlert, Sulprizio are with the Institute of Psychology, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany. Ohlert is with the German Center of Elite Sport Research-Momentum. Carron is with the Faculty of Health and Sciences, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Eys is with the Depts. of Kinesiology and Physical Education and Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Feltz is with the Dept. of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. Harwood is with the School of Sport Exercise, and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK. Seiler is with the Institute of Sport Science, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Linz is with SportsGeist, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany.

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