Self-Talk of Marathon Runners

in The Sport Psychologist

Click name to view affiliation

Judy L. Van RaalteSpringfield College

Search for other papers by Judy L. Van Raalte in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Ruth Brennan MorreySpringfield College

Search for other papers by Ruth Brennan Morrey in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Allen E. CorneliusUniversity of the Rockies

Search for other papers by Allen E. Cornelius in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Britton W. BrewerSpringfield College

Search for other papers by Britton W. Brewer in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Much of the research on self-talk in sport has focused on the effects of assigned self-talk (e.g., instructional self-talk, motivational self-talk) on the performance of laboratory tasks and/or tasks of short duration (Hatzigeorgiadis, Zourbanos, Galanis, & Theodorakis, 2011; Tod, Hardy, & Oliver, 2011). The purpose of this study was to explore more fully the self-talk of athletes involved in competition over an extended period of time. Marathon runners (N = 483) were surveyed. The majority (88%) of runners, those who indicated that they use self-talk during marathons, completed open-ended items describing their self-talk while competing. Runners reported using a rich variety of motivational self-talk as well as spiritual self-talk and mantras, types of self-talk less widely studied in the literature. Given the findings of this research, future studies exploring self-talk use during competition in sporting events of long duration seems warranted.

Van Raalte, Morrey, and Brewer are with the Dept. of Psychology, Springfield College, Springfield, MA. Cornelius is with the Dept. of Psychology, University of Rockies, Denver, CO.

Address author correspondence to Judy Van Raalte at jvanraal@springfieldcollege.edu.
  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 3649 1246 217
Full Text Views 433 177 2
PDF Downloads 542 243 4