Use of Mental Preparation Strategies by International Elite Female Lacrosse Players from Five Countries

in The Sport Psychologist
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Fifty-five lacrosse players from five countries (Australia, Canada, England, the United States, and Wales) competing in the 1986 Lacrosse World Cup Tournament completed a questionnaire regarding their use of mental preparation in training and competition. The findings revealed that 81 % of the subjects considered mental preparation to be very important or extremely important in preparing for competition, and only 2% considered it to be unimportant. A one-way ANOVA indicated a significant difference among the countries on 3 of 10 variables studied. A significant difference was demonstrated between lacrosse teams from various countries in the use of visualization/imagery and frequency of dreams about play (Canada made most frequent use). There was also a significant difference in the frequency of mental training received from a trained sport psychologist. Perhaps not coincidentally, the lacrosse team that had the most frequent contact with a trained sport psychologist (Australia) was the most successful team at the tournament.

Mary Frances Heishman is with the Department of Health and Physical Education, Box 83, Bridgewater College, Bridgewater, VA 22812. Linda Bunker is with the Department of Human Services, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903.

The Sport Psychologist
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