Psychological Interventions with Athletes in Competitive Situations: A Review

Click name to view affiliation

Michael J. Greenspan Michigan State University

Search for other papers by Michael J. Greenspan in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Deborah L. Feltz Michigan State University

Search for other papers by Deborah L. Feltz in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Although sport psychologists utilize numerous interventions and techniques intended to enhance the performance of athletes in competition, the selection of those interventions has not always been based on research for which adequate validity has been established. In an attempt to provide sport psychologists with a working body of accurate knowledge and suggestions for future intervention research, an analysis and synthesis of research is presented that addresses the efficacy of different psychological interventions with athletes performing in competitive situations in the sport in which they regularly compete. From information reported in 19 published studies, covering 23 interventions, it was concluded that educational relaxation-based interventions and remedial cognitive restructuring interventions with individual athletes are, in general, effective.

Michael J. Greenspan, formerly with Michigan State University, is now with Counseling and Consultation Services, Student Services Bldg., Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287. Deborah L. Feltz is with the School of Health Educ., Counseling Psychology and Human Perf., I.M. Sports Circle, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, MI 48824.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 7523 2012 218
Full Text Views 516 133 21
PDF Downloads 588 138 25