An Investigation of Attentional Foci and their Temporal Patterns: A Naturalistic Study in Expert Figure Skaters

in The Sport Psychologist
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  • 1 Université Paris Est-Créteil
  • | 2 Laval University
  • | 3 English Institute of Sport
  • | 4 Université Paris Ouest-Nanterre la Défense
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This study aimed to explore attentional foci and their temporal patterns in expert skaters in real competition situations. Individual self-confrontation interviews were held with 8 expert figure skaters while they watched their videotaped program performed in official competitions. Qualitative data analysis revealed that skaters used a substantial number of foci, which were classified by content and characteristics. Event listing was used to display the patterns of foci over time, revealing that skaters used distinct processes to prepare for, perform, and evaluate different program elements. These results highlighted the great flexibility and variability of attentional focus, according to circumstantial factors.

Bernier is with the Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, Université Paris Est-Créteil, France. Trottier is with the Dept. Of Physical Education, Laval University, Quebec, Canada. Thienot is with the English Institute of Sport, Weymouth, UK. Fournier is with the UFR STAPS at Université Paris Ouest-Nanterre la Défense, France.

Address author correspondence to Marjorie Bernier at
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