The Effects of REBT, and the Use of Credos, on Irrational Beliefs and Resilience Qualities in Athletes

in The Sport Psychologist
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  • 1 Staffordshire University and Institut Sukan Negara
  • | 2 Institut Sukan Negara
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The use of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) in sport psychology has received little attention in research to date, but is steadily growing. Therefore, to further add to the building body of research, this study examines the efficacy of REBT (comprising five counseling sessions, and four homework assignments) in decreasing self-reported irrational beliefs, and increasing self-reported resilient qualities in five elite squash players from Malaysia. The study uses a single-case multiple-baseline across-participants design. Visual and graphical analyses revealed that REBT reduced self-reported irrational beliefs significantly in all athletes, and raised self-reported resilient qualities significantly in some athletes. Athlete’s feedback, reflections on the usage of REBT, Athlete Rational Resilience Credos, and the practice of sport psychology across cultures are discussed, along with guidance for the future use of REBT in relevant settings.

Deen and Turner are with the Centre for Sport, Health, and Exercise Research, Staffordshire University, Stoke-On-Trent, UK. Wong is with the Sport Psychology Centre, Institut Sukan Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Address author correspondence to Saqib Deen at
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