Diversity Characteristics and Experiences of Discrimination in Certified Mental Performance Consultants

in The Sport Psychologist
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD $68.00

1 year subscription

USD $90.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD $129.00

2 year subscription

USD $168.00

The purpose of the present study was to explore diversity characteristics and experiences of discrimination in certified mental-performance consultants (CMPCs). The results of a questionnaire (N = 260) indicated that CMPCs remain a rather homogeneous population (>80% White, heterosexual, and able-bodied). Female and non-White consultants were significantly more likely to experience discrimination in the field. The findings indicate that minorities remain underrepresented among CMPCs. In addition, the profession is in need of interventional strategies to prevent experiences of discrimination in applied sport psychology.

The authors are with the Dept. of Exercise Science and Athletic Training, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY.

Harenberg (sharenberg@ithaca.edu) is corresponding author.
The Sport Psychologist
Article Sections
References
  • Association for Applied Sport Psychology. (2018). Association for Applied Sport Psychology CMPC handbook. Retrieved from https://appliedsportpsych.org/certification/certification-program-candidate-handbook/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BarrettL. (2015). A small female fish in a big male dominated pond: A neophyte experience. Sport and Exercise Psychology Review 11(1) 9295.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BlodgettA.T.SchinkeR.J.McGannonK.R. & FisherL.A. (2015). Cultural sport psychology research: Conceptions, evolutions, and forecasts. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology 8(1) 2443. doi:10.1080/1750984X.2014.942345

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CallahanJ.L.SmothermanJ.M.DziurzynskiK.E.LoveP.K.KilmerE.D.NiemannY.F. & RuggeroC.J. (2018). Diversity in the professional psychology training-to-workforce pipeline: Results from doctoral psychology student population data. Training and Education in Professional Psychology 12(4) 273285. doi:10.1037/tep0000203

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarterL. & DavilaC. (2017). Is it because I’m Black? Microaggressive experiences against Black professionals in sport and exercise psychology. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 48(5) 287293. doi:10.1037/pro0000145

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FisherL. & RoperE. (2014). Swimming upstream: Former diversity committee chairs’ perceptions of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology’s commitment to organizational diversity. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 27(1) 119. doi:10.1080/10413200.2014.940090

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GillD.L. & KamphoffC.S. (2009). Cultural diversity in applied sport psychology. In R. Schinke & S.J. Hanrahan (Eds.) Cultural sport psychology (pp. 4556). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KamphoffC.S.GillD.L.ArakiK. & HammondC.C. (2010). A content analysis of cultural diversity in the Association for Applied Sport Psychology’s conference programs. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 22(2) 231245. doi:10.1080/10413201003673153

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LapchickR. (2017). The 2017 college sport racial and gender report card. Retrieved from https://www.tidesport.org/copy-of-nba-1

    • Export Citation
  • National College Collegiate Association. (2018). NCAA demographics database. Retrieved from http://www.ncaa.org/about/resources/research/ncaa-demographics-database

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PattonM.Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  • RoperE.A.FisherL. & WrisbergC. (2005). Professional women’s career experiences in sport psychology: A feminist standpoint approach. The Sport Psychologist 19(1) 3250. doi:10.1123/tsp.19.1.32

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RybaT.V. & WrightH.K. (2005). From mental game to cultural praxis: A cultural studies model’s implications for the future of sport psychology. Quest 57(2) 192212. doi:10.1080/00336297.2005.10491853

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SueD.W. (2004). Whiteness and ethnocentric monoculturalism: Making the “invisible” visible. American Psychologist 59 761769. PubMed ID: 15554844 doi:10.1037/0003-066X.59.8.761

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2016). Select Task Force on the Study of Harassment in the Workplace. Report of co-chairs Chai R. Feldblum & Victoria A. Lipnic. Retrieved from https://www1.eeoc.gov/eeoc/task_force/harassment/report.cfm?renderforprint=1

    • Export Citation
  • U.S. Census Bureau. (2016). 2016 topologically integrated geographic encoding and referencing state and equivalent shape file. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/US/PST045218

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Article Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 52 52 31
Full Text Views 22 22 8
PDF Downloads 17 17 6
Altmetric Badge
PubMed
Google Scholar