A Review of the Sport-Injury and -Rehabilitation Literature: From Abstraction to Application

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Despite advancements in sport-injury rehabilitation theory and intervention design, return-to-play outcomes remain suboptimal. To explore the current knowledge base in sport-injury rehabilitation, the authors use an existing framework to review and outline gaps in the sport-injury evidence base. Through the lens of this framework they highlight the dearth of literature exploring how professionals approach rehabilitation, which may be one of several factors contributing to persistently poor rehabilitation outcomes. To begin addressing the identified gap in practice, the authors hypothetically apply 3 established team-based approaches from other rehabilitation domains to a single sport-injury case study to provide concrete examples of how team-based practice approaches can be effectively used in the sport domain. Professional-practice implications are discussed alongside areas for future research.

Hess is with the Dept. of Counseling & School Psychology, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA. Gnacinski is with the Dept. of Health Sciences, Drake University, Des Moines, IA. Meyer is with the Dept. of Kinesiology—Integrative Health Care and Performance Unit, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI.

Hess (Courtney.Hess001@umb.edu) is corresponding author.
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