This article familiarizes sport psychologists, counselors, and coaches with the multimodal approach to enhancing the performance of college athletes. The seven modalities of behavior, affect, sensations, imagery, cognitions, interpersonal relations, and biological functioning are examined. An individualized modality profile for a collegiate soccer player with performance problems is generated. Various applied intervention techniques are suggested to facilitate performance enhancement.
Simon Davies is with the Department of Physical Education at the University of California at Davis, Davis, CA 95616. John D. West is with the Counselor Education Program, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242.