Evaluation of a Psychological Skills Training Workshop for Male Intercollegiate Lacrosse Players

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Britton W. Brewer Springfield College

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Robert Shillinglaw University of Delaware

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This study evaluated the effects of a four-session psychological skills training (PST) workshop on self-reported knowledge, perceived importance, and use of goal setting, relaxation, imagery, and cognitive restructuring in a sample of male intercollegiate lacrosse players (n=49). In an interrupted time-series design with switching replications, subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Self-report data were collected on three occasions at 2-week intervals. Group 1 received PST during the first 2-week interval and Group 2 received PST during the second 2-week interval. The overall effectiveness of the PST workshop was supported by both between-subjects and within-subjects analyses. This study illustrates that controlled research can viably and ethically be conducted in applied sport settings. Limitations of the current study and directions for future PST outcome research are discussed.

Britton W. Brewer is with the Department of Psychology at Springfield College, Springfield, MA 01109. Robert Shillinglaw is with the College of Physical Education, Athletics, and Recreation at the University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716.

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