Provision of Sport Psychology Services at Olympic Events: The 1991 U.S. Olympic Festival and Beyond

in The Sport Psychologist

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Daniel S. KirschenbaumCenter for Behavioral Medicine–Chicago

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William D. ParhamUniversity of California, Los Angeles

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Shane M. MurphyU.S. Olympic Committee

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Sport psychology services were provided at the 1991 U.S. Olympic Festival. A consultation model was employed that included aspects of the traditional medical model and a more proactive preventive approach. Consultations were delivered using a “professional/clinical” style (i.e., emphasis on expertness, empathy, warmth, and congruence). Two sport psychologists provided 85 formal consultations to more than 300 athletes, coaches, staff members, and others from 16 different sports. Process and outcome evaluations suggested that these services were very well received. Eleven recommendations are provided for delivery of sport psychology services at future Olympic events.

D.S. Kirschenbaum is with the Center for Behavioral Medicine, 676 North St. Clair, Suite. 1790, Chicago, IL 60611. W.D. Parham is with Student Psychological Services at the University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024. S.M. Murphy is with the Olympic Training Center, Sport Sciences, 1750 East Boulder St., Colorado Springs, CO 80909.

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