Research projects on reaction time, motor learning, and transfer of training, which were conducted in the late 1800s and early 1900s, as well as early attempts to relate personality development and sport, are among the roots of sport psychology. The first experimental research directly involving psychological factors and sport was conducted by Norman Triplett (1898). This paper surveys these early research projects and chronicles Triplett’s life and career.
Stephen F. Davis and Matthew T. Huss are with the Department of Psychology at Emporia State University, Emporia, KS 66801. Angela H. Becker is with the Department of Social and Behavioral Science at Indiana University at Kokomo, Kokomo, IN 46902.