Transsexual and Transgender Policies in Sport

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Heather Sykes University of Toronto

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This article examines developments in gender policies in sport in relation to recent changes in transsexual rights legislation and gender identity activism. The Gay Games has developed a gender identity policy about “men, women, transgender and intersex” athletes. In 2004, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) introduced the Stockholm Consensus on sex reassignment surgery to allow “transsexual” athletes to compete at the Olympics. These developments do not indicate an overall increase in the acceptance of gender variance in the world of sport; rather, there has been ongoing resistance to inclusive gender policies in mainstream sport organizations. I argue this resistance is based on anxieties about the instability of the male/female gender binary and the emergence of queer gender subjectivities within women’s, gay, and mainstream sporting communities.

Heather Sykes University of Toronto Dept. Curriculum, Teaching & Learning 252 Bloor Street West Toronto, ON M5S 1V6 CANADA Email: Phone: (416) 923-6641 ext. 2439 Fax: (416) 926-4744

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