Purpose : The goal was twofold: (a) to analyze the evolution of sportspersonship attitudes and negative values along a learning unit using the contextualized sport alphabetization model and (b) to determine the associations between sportspersonship and self-determined motivation. Method : The study followed a preexperimental, cross-sectional design with pre-, mid-, and posttesting. Forty-one primary education students (10.17 ± 1.13 years) participated in a futsal-based unit using the contextualized sport alphabetization model. Data were analyzed through a set of Grade (4) × Time (3) repeated-measures analysis of variances. In addition, Pearson moment–product correlational analysis was conducted to observe any possible associations between sportspersonship and motivation. Results : Findings showed a positive significant evolution, as well as a positive relationship, between sportspersonship and self-determined motivation. Results also showed significant differences among grades. Discussion/Conclusion : This study provides empirical support for the implementation of the contextualized sport alphabetization model, encompassed within a learner-centered teaching practice, to promote positive values among students in physical education.
Sportspersonship Under Review: An Examination of Fair Play Attitudes Through the Contextualized Sport Alphabetization Model in Primary Physical Education
Manuel Jacob Sierra-Díaz, Sixto González-Víllora, and Javier Fernandez-Rio
The Impact of a Nonlinear Pedagogical Approach to Primary School Physical Education Upon Children’s Movement Skill Competence
Daniel M. Cooke, Craig B. Harrison, Sarah-Kate Millar, and Simon Walters
Purpose: To investigate the effects of a nonlinear pedagogical approach to primary school physical education (PE) upon children’s movement skill competence. Methods: Forty-six (male = 25 and female = 21) children aged 6–9 years participated in either a nonlinear pedagogy (NP) or linear pedagogy approach to PE for 9 weeks. Children’s movement skill competence was assessed utilizing measures representative of children’s play at pretest, posttest, and 13-week retention test time points. Results: Repeated-measures analysis of variance showed significant improvements for general motor coordination (p < .05, d = 0.234) and time-to-contact judgment performance (p < .05) for the NP group only. Significant between-group differences existed for general motor coordination at the retention test time point (p < .05, d = 0.119) in favor of the NP group. Conclusion: Our results reveal that NP approaches to primary school PE can be efficacious in enhancing children’s movement skill competence. Thus, it seems appropriate that NP approaches to PE are utilized more readily within the primary school sector.
A Practical Approach to Negotiating Authorship and Preparing Manuscripts for Publication
Kevin Andrew Richards, Michael A. Hemphill, and Sara B. Flory
The academic publishing process is fraught with challenges, inconsistencies, and the absence of clearly articulated guidelines and recommendations, particularly for doctoral students and other newcomers. Our goal is to overview key information that authors may consider and decisions they will need to make when determining authorship and preparing manuscripts for submission. Specifically, we discuss how authors can consider (a) the ongoing discussion of authorship, (b) identifying a target journal, and (c) submitting a manuscript for review. We draw influence from how processes are conducted relative to the Journal of Teaching in Physical Education in approaching our commentary as a point of reference. Nevertheless, while acknowledging differences in journal style and submission formats, many of the considerations discussed are relevant across publication outlets. Common threads across the discussion impress the importance of being intentional, proactive, and adaptive when engaging in authorship conversations and identifying target journals for submission.
Teacher and Student’s Perspectives on Their Experiences Within Hybrid Sport Education-Cooperative Learning Pedagogical Model Units in Elementary Physical Education
Alexander Gil-Arias, Stephen Harvey, Óscar M. Morante, Fernando Claver, and Javier Fernández-Río
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate teacher and students’ perspectives on their experiences within three consecutive hybrid sport education and cooperative learning pedagogical model units. Method: Fifty elementary school students (M age = 10.52; SD age = 0.39) and a 36-year-old male teacher participated in three consecutive hybrid cooperative learning/sport education units (24 lessons). Semistructured interviews were conducted to gather data and gain a rich, insiders’ perspective of their experiences. Results: Three main themes (including several subthemes) were generated from the data analysis: students’ enthusiasm and involvement (autonomy support, motivation, and engagement); students’ learning (technical–tactical learning, cooperative skills, and social learning); and teacher challenges. Conclusions: Findings from the current study showed that a teacher’s use of three consecutive hybrid sport education/cooperative learning pedagogical model units promoted a learning environment where students were involved in authentic sport experiences that fostered the development of students’ learning across all domains.
Physical Education Teachers’ Experiences of Nurturing a Community of Practice Online
Heidi J. Ferreira, Luiza Gonçalves, and Melissa Parker
Purpose: Drawing on the concept of community of practice, the purpose of this study was to explore Brazilian physical education teachers’ experiences of nurturing a community of practice online during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: This was an action research project, and the participants were 13 high school physical education teachers (one of them acted as teacher-facilitator), one critical friend, and one meta-critical friend. Data sources included teachers’ online meetings, critical friend conversations, interviews, and the facilitator’s reflexive journal. Results: Inductive analysis resulted in four themes: finding emotional and pedagogical support, building a teachers-only space, creating an online group dynamic, and negotiating to research their own practice. The findings are discussed in relation to the characteristics of community of practices and online continuing professional development. Conclusion: Key aspects for future online collaborative continuing professional development are highlighted: (a) teachers-only; (b) by teachers, for teachers; and (c) combination of tools.
Practice-Based Teacher Education in Physical Education
Phillip Ward, Fatih Dervent, Erhan Devrilmez, Peter Iserbyt, Insook Kim, Bomna Ko, José A. Santiago, Emi Tsuda, and Xiuye Xie
Background: Teacher education is a complex endeavor designed to prepare preservice teachers for the task of teaching physical education to students in K–12 schools. Yet, there is widespread criticism of teacher education outcomes within the United States and around the world. Consequently, teacher educators have been increasingly called upon to use evidence-based approaches in teacher education. Purpose: In this article, we discuss a teacher education reform called practice-based teacher education from macro and micro perspectives. Discussion: Practice-based teacher education emphasizes a curriculum that is focused on relevance defined in terms of what a teacher needs to know and do to be able to teach physical education. Evidence for curricular changes to physical education teacher education and to the content and pedagogies of methods and content classes are presented. We conclude with a discussion of how practice-based teacher education can address social injustice.
Challenges to Culturally Responsive Teaching in Physical Education Teacher Education Alumni: A Mixed-Methods Analysis
Sara B. Flory, Craigory V. Nieman, and Rebecca C. Wylie
This study examines the culturally responsive teaching self-efficacy of graduates from a Physical Education Teacher Education program focused on social justice issues. We examined barriers to culturally responsive teaching and areas where alumni felt least efficacious. Forty-three graduates of a Physical Education Teacher Education program completed the culturally responsive teaching self-efficacy scale and demographic questions via Qualtrics, and 13 completed a 45- to 60-min interview regarding urban teaching experience. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and comparative data analysis to determine areas of lower self-efficacy. Two major themes emerged from this data: (a) misalignment between expectations and reality and (b) lack of practical experiences with communication. Specific coursework, training, and supports need to be implemented to address the mismatch between participants’ lived experiences and their daily challenges upon induction. Physical Education Teacher Education programs need to critically examine the experiences preservice teachers have interacting and communicating with English language learners and their caregivers prior to induction.
Effects of Situated Game Teaching Through Set Plays on Middle School Students’ Soccer Skills and Game Performance
Fatih Dervent, Weidong Li, Nazım Nayır, and Erhan Devrilmez
Purpose: To examine the effects of the Situated Game Teaching through Set Plays (SGTSP) curricular model on secondary school students’ soccer skills and game performance during a 10-lesson unit. Methods: A quasi-experimental design with/without a repeated measure was used to examine the effectiveness of the SGTSP model in comparison with a technique-focused approach. A convenient sample of 27 sixth graders from two classes participated in this study. Classes were randomly assigned to conditions. Data were collected from soccer skill tests and game performance coding instrument. Analysis of variance with or without a repeated measure was conducted to analyze the data. Results: Participants’ ball controlling skill significantly improved for both groups over time. Their shooting and dribbling skills did not improve for both groups over time. No statistical differences were found in participants’ changes in ball controlling, shooting, and dribbling skills over time between the two conditions. Participants in the SGTSP condition had better offensive off the ball, offensive with the ball, overall offensive decision making, and overall decision making than those in the comparison condition. Conclusions: The findings provided initial evidence supporting the effectiveness of the SGTSP model on developing students’ decision making in the game plays. Participants taught by SGTSP had similar skill performance as those taught by a technique-focused approach.
A Comparison of Motivation and Physical Activity Levels Between a Sport Education Season and a Hybrid Sport Education and Cooperative Learning Season
Irene Rocamora, Ashley Casey, Sixto González-Víllora, and Natalia María Arias-Palencia
Purpose: To understand how a season of sport education (SE) and a hybrid SE and cooperative learning season impacted on elementary school students’ physical activity levels and motivation and to examine possible differences according to gender. Method: A total of 97 fourth- to fifth-grade students in four intact classes participated in a 14-lesson handball season. Results: Students in SE had higher levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels than the hybrid season. When sorted by gender, boys were significantly more active than girls in both interventions. However, students in the hybrid season reported higher levels of motivation than participants in the SE season, especially for intrinsic motivation. Conclusion: The hybridization of models positively affected students’ motivation in PE, while the reverse is true of SE with regard to physical activity levels.
Effects of an Environmental Intervention on High School Students’ Expanded Physical Activity Programming Participation and Activity Levels
Kent A. Lorenz, Hans van der Mars, Jaimie McMullen, Jason Norris, and Julie Jahn
Partial Comprehensive School Physical Activity Programming (CSPAP) has been studied extensively in recent years. However, there is little evidence on the efficacy and feasibility of such interventions in high school settings. Physical education teacher education (PETE) programs have been slow in preparing future physical educators for CSPAP implementation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the effects of PETE interns implementing a partial CSPAP intervention in high schools. Methods: Data were collected at three high schools during before- and during-school time periods using a direct observation instrument. The intervention consisted of PETE interns providing access to physical activity areas, equipment, and supervision with assistance from the schools’ resident teachers. A hybrid multiple baseline research design was used to assess the effects of the intervention on high school students’ participation and moderate to vigorous physical activity levels during the partial CSPAP sessions. Data were analyzed using both standard visual analysis of graphically plotted data and supplementary statistical treatments. Data were deemed credible based on interobserver agreement data collected across experimental phases and schools; the data were deemed trustworthy. Results: Experimental control was established as the total number of students engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity during the partial CSPAP sessions increased substantially upon the start of the intervention. Compared with girls, boys demonstrated higher amounts of moderate to vigorous physical activity. Discussion/Conclusion: High school students respond similarly to a partial CSPAP intervention as do elementary and middle school-aged students, thereby strengthening the generalization of CSPAP-type interventions. Moreover, PETE interns can be successful in implementing a partial CSPAP in high school settings.