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Architecture on Ice: A History of the Hockey Arena

Russell Field

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Athena: Box Office Bomb and Bodybuilding Breakthrough

John D. Fair

One could easily dismiss MGM’s 1954 production of Athena as a light-hearted, romantic, musical romp, devoid of intellectual, artistic, or social value. Although it was scripted by William Ludwig and featured several accomplished stars, it never lived up to box office expectations or critical acclaim. Much fault can be found in this film. The script seems whacky and simplistic, the acting wooden, and the songs unmemorable. Furthermore, Athena does nothing to remove existing stereotypes at a time when bodybuilders were often stigmatized as muscle-bound, narcissistic, and homosexual and health food aficionados viewed as kooks. Its legacy, however, was different. It inspired many other peplum films of the 1950s and early 1960s featuring bodybuilders, laying the groundwork of Arnold Schwarzenegger, Pumping Iron, and the fitness craze that swept America and the world in the 1970s.

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Creating the Big Ten: Courage, Corruption, and Commercialization

Chad Seifried

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Cultural Citizenship or Commercial Interest? The 1962 Grey Cup Fiasco

John Valentine

In 1962, the Board of Broadcast Governors (BBG), an arm of the Canadian federal government responsible for broadcasting, made the unprecedented move to force the national public broadcaster to televise the Grey Cup, the championship game of Canadian football, ostensibly because it was in the national interest. However, research reveals that this decision was not necessarily made because it was in the national interest, but more so to assist the new struggling private television network, CTV. The important content, allegedly linked to cultural citizenship, was not the national championship, but the television commercials. This paper explores why the BBG intervened and how the dispute was settled.

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Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA), Power, and Politics: A Socio-Historical Analysis

Hans Erik Næss

How can Global Sporting Governing Bodies (GSGBs) like the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) take a stand on political issues in places where a sporting event which comes under their aegis is being held without compromising their own position as neutral governing bodies of sport? Drawing upon a historical sociological approach and using the FIA and the Formula 1 world motorsport championship as its key example, this paper argues that one reason why controversy about this is growing is because FIA’s current power structures were established in an era less suited to today’s world of sports and stakeholdership. In order to change, we need to review the historical processes that shaped current power relations between the GSGB and its stakeholders and, through that, identify an alternative view of power which may resolve the dilemma which the relation between sport and politics currently throws up.

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History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity

Samuel M. Clevenger

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Integrated: The Lincoln Institute, Basketball, and a Vanished Tradition

Chris Elzey

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La ‘Première’ dans les activités de nature: une performance, un record?

Pierre-Olaf Schut and Antoine Marsac

Dans les activités de nature, la « première » est une forme de performance particulière. L’analogie entre les premières et les records sportifs doit être questionnée. L’objet de cet article est de démontrer les spécificités des premières par rapport aux records sportifs et d’en tirer une meilleure compréhension de l’identité des activités de nature. Nous nous appuyons sur une analyse socio-historique des premières et de leur valorisation dans différents médias, propres à une communauté de pratiquants ou grand public. Nos principaux résultats révèlent que, les premières et les records se rejoignent sur certaines caractéristiques liées notamment à la performance physique. Néanmoins, derrière ces analogies, les premières se distinguent par de nombreux aspects comme leur unicité qui leur confère une historicité particulière. De cette analyse ressort l’identité des activités de nature et explique la mobilité inhérente à ces pratiques dans la mesure où la découverte est un moteur essentiel.

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Making March Madness: The Early Years of the NCAA, NIT, and College Basketball Championships, 1922-1951

Adam J. Criblez

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More than Cricket and Football: International Sport and the Challenge of Celebrity

George N. Kioussis