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Trunk Endurance and Low Back Pain Outcomes in College Golfers

Andrew Skibski, John Goetschius, and L. Colby Mangum

Low back pain (LBP) is a common injury in golf. There are several outcomes used to quantify LBP-related disability, such as core endurance tests and questionnaires. The primary purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes between college golfers with and without LBP. A secondary purpose was to determine relationships between these measures. We found no difference between groups for Biering-Sørensen endurance (p = .558). Episodes of LBP were significantly related to the Oswestry Disability Index (ρ = .491) and Golf-specific LBP questionnaire (ρ = −.576). Oswestry Disability Index and Golf-specific LBP questionnaire also demonstrated a moderate relationship (ρ = −.604).

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Overuse Injury Definitions and Rates of Overuse Injury in Epidemiology Studies Concerning High School-Aged Athletes: A Critically Appraised Topic

Tricia Cich and Kevin M. Biese

Context: The definition of an “overuse injury” had some ambiguity until recent publications. It is unknown whether the improved definition of “overuse injury” has been applied to epidemiology studies that examine high school-aged athletes. This population may be predisposed to overuse injuries due to several factors. Clinical Question: Is there more consistency in how the term “overuse injury” is being used, and has the rate of overuse injuries in high school-aged athletes’ epidemiology studies changed since Roos and Marshall’s 2014 systematic review on overuse injury definitions? Clinical Bottom Line: Since Roos and Marshall’s systematic review, more studies are recognizing “overuse injuries” as needing a specific mechanism of injury; however, several studies failed to differentiate “overuse injuries” from “noncontact injuries.” The rate of overuse injuries does not appear to have changed significantly.

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The Perceptions and Experiences Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Intersex, and Agender Patients of Quality of Care With Health Care Services

Lauren G. Ford, Connor Lewis, and Jennifer Lynn Volberding

Clinical Scenario: The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning, intersex, agender (LGBTQIA+) community has a unique set of health care needs and experience barriers to services. Many providers assume these needs are similar to heterosexual counterparts. Investigating experiences and perceptions with health care and recommendations on how to improve care can provide insight for professionals. Clinical Question: What are the perceptions of quality of health care and experiences among the LGBTQIA+ patients? Summary of Key Findings: A search was performed for articles exploring perceptions and experiences of LGBTQIA+ patients with health care. Four articles were included. All were Level VI qualitative studies. All demonstrated a lack of cultural competency leading to poor experiences with providers. Common themes included: misgendering, stigmatization, and negative provider attitude leading to poor experiences. Experiences improved if providers used inclusive language, created welcoming environments, and had knowledge/experience about needs of LGBTQIA+ patients. Clinical Bottom Line: LGBTQIA+ patients felt providers lacked adequate knowledge to understand and care for their needs. Future research should include facts contributing to accessing health care services, solutions to these barriers, and increasing geographic areas. Strength of Recommendation: According to the Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy (SORT) scale, there is Level C evidence that LGBTQIA+ patients experience providers who are not adequately prepared to properly care for their unique needs.

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NATA News & Notes

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Preparing the Athletic Trainer for Interprofessional Collaborative Practice: A Report From the Association for Athletic Training Education-Research Network

Sarah A. Manspeaker, Justin P. Young, Nicole A. Wilkins, Chad Clements, Dorice A. Hankemeier, Richelle M. Williams, Stacy E. Walker, and Lindsey E. Eberman

Contemporary health care emphasizes interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP), described as when providers from two or more professions work together to achieve the highest-quality patient care. Historically, athletic trainers have naturally collaborated with physicians, in part due to our defined scope of practice, but more importantly as a benefit to achieving positive patient outcomes. Athletic trainers also collaborate with nurses, physical therapists, physician assistants, and other health care professionals when providing care to physically active patients and populations. Due to the oftentimes continuous contact with patients while engaging these other health care professionals, athletic trainers are well suited to expand their interprofessional collaborations to other disciplines and serve as key stakeholders in the IPCP team. To assist in this expansion of IPCP, there are several professional organizations and a substantial body of literature focusing on effective engagement in IPCP that can serve as resources for athletic training. This commentary will address the background of IPCP and the relevance of the athletic trainer within the interprofessional team, as well as identify resources for additional information.

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Continuing Education Assessment

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Volume 29 (2024): Issue 1 (Jan 2024)

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Feasibility of Mobile Application-Delivered Mindfulness Meditation for Individuals After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Shelby Baez, Francesca Genoese, Elaine Reiche, Matthew Harkey, Christopher Kuenze, Jason Moser, and Brian Pietrosimone

Mindfulness meditation (MM) has decreased kinesiophobia in patients with knee pathologies. Mobile application-delivered MM (Mobile MM) may reduce kinesiophobia in individuals after anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (ACLR). The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility (i.e., retention, adherence, and acceptability) and preliminary efficacy of a 4-week Mobile MM intervention in individuals with a history of ACLR. Nine participants ≥1 year post unilateral ACLR completed 12 sessions of Mobile MM over 4 weeks via the Headspace mobile application that were facilitated remotely through a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability ACT of 1996 (HIPAA) compliant teleconference system. Participant retention of 100% and intervention adherence of 100% were observed. Participants reported moderate to high acceptability for the Mobile MM. A large between-group effect size of 1.6 [0.13, 2.98] in the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia-11 change score was observed. Mobile MM is a feasible intervention to address kinesiophobia in individuals with a history of ACLR.

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Neurocognitive Hop Performance in Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability

Ji Yeon Choi, Colleen Vogel, Christopher J. Burcal, Lindsey E. Remski, Brian A. Knarr, and Adam B. Rosen

The purpose of this study was to determine differences in neurocognitive hop function among individuals with chronic ankle instability, ankle sprain copers, and control participants and identify the relationship between the self-reported function and neurocognitive hop performance; 61 participants across control, ankle sprain coper, and chronic ankle instability groups completed the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool and the Choice-Reaction Hop Test. There was no significant difference in neurocognitive hop performance among groups. However, there was a large correlation between the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool and the Choice-Reaction Hop Test. Those with chronic ankle instability with worse self-reported disability concurrently demonstrated decreased performance during the Choice-Reaction Hop Test, reflecting poorer neurocognitive hop performance.

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In Patients With Chronic Pain Conditions, Does Dry Needling Reduce Pain?

Paden Kleinhesselink, Ryan Tierney, Jamie Mansell, and Anne Russ

Dry needling’s primary goal is to alleviate pain by inserting solid filament needles into muscles, tendons, and ligaments to provide a stimulus that inhibits nerve endings to decrease pain. This critically appraised topic investigates the effects dry needling has on patients with various chronic pain conditions and its ability to relieve pain. Articles were selected if patients had a chronic pain condition lasting at least 3 months, pain was reported using the Visual Analog Scale, and were randomized control trials or prospective studies. All selected studies for this critically appraised topic showed significant improvement in chronic pain. With these improvements, dry needling has been shown to be an effective treatment in chronic pain conditions.