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Lessons Learned

Robert J. Gregor

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Lessons Learned: How to Organize Your Laboratory Meetings

Nicholas Stergiou

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A Note from Michael Madigan, JAB’s New Editor-in-Chief

Michael Madigan

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Muscle Activation and Estimated Relative Joint Force During Running with Weight Support on a Lower-Body Positive-Pressure Treadmill

Bente R. Jensen, Line Hovgaard-Hansen, and Katrine L. Cappelen

Running on a lower-body positive-pressure (LBPP) treadmill allows effects of weight support on leg muscle activation to be assessed systematically, and has the potential to facilitate rehabilitation and prevent overloading. The aim was to study the effect of running with weight support on leg muscle activation and to estimate relative knee and ankle joint forces. Runners performed 6-min running sessions at 2.22 m/s and 3.33 m/s, at 100%, 80%, 60%, 40%, and 20% body weight (BW). Surface electromyography, ground reaction force, and running characteristics were measured. Relative knee and ankle joint forces were estimated. Leg muscles responded differently to unweighting during running, reflecting different relative contribution to propulsion and antigravity forces. At 20% BW, knee extensor EMGpeak decreased to 22% at 2.22 m/s and 28% at 3.33 m/s of 100% BW values. Plantar flexors decreased to 52% and 58% at 20% BW, while activity of biceps femoris muscle remained unchanged. Unweighting with LBPP reduced estimated joint force significantly although less than proportional to the degree of weight support (ankle).It was concluded that leg muscle activation adapted to the new biomechanical environment, and the effect of unweighting on estimated knee force was more pronounced than on ankle force.

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Erratum: Caetano et al 2015

In the article by Caetano FG, et al, “Characterization of the Sprint and Repeated-Sprint Sequences Performed by Professional Futsal Players, According to Playing Position, During Official Matches,” in the J Appl Biomech, 31(6), pp. 423–429, http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jab.2014-0159, the second author’s name was incorrectly listed as Murilo José de Oliveira. The second author’s name should have been listed as Murilo José de Oliveira Bueno.

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Special Issue on Biomechanical Modeling

Edited by Thomas S. Buchanan

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Editorial

Edited by Mark D. Grabiner

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Editorial

Edited by Robert J. Gregor

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Editorial

Edited by Robert J. Gregor

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Editor’s Comments

Edited by Robert J. Gregor