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Inclusion Practices of Effective Elementary Specialists

Kathryn LaMasfer, Gary Kinchin, Kimerly Gall, and Daryl Siedentop

Full inclusion refers to educational practices where all students with disabilities are educated in regular classes along with nondisabled peers. Six elementary physical education specialists (5 females, 1 male) were studied to obtain their views of inclusion practices and perceived outcomes. Teacher interviews and observations revealed four main themes: (a) multiple teaching styles, (b) student outcomes, (c) teacher frustrations, and (d) differences in inclusion practices. Results indicated that schools provided little support, and teachers reported that they were inadequately prepared to teach effectively with inclusive classes. These teachers had strong feelings of guilt and inadequacy as they continued to try to be effective for all children.

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Past, Present, Future

Edited by Claudine Sherrill

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Editorial

Lauriece L. Zittel

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Beginning APAQ’s Second Decade

Edited by Greg Reid

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Editorial

Greg Reid

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Editorial

Greg Reid

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Editorial Comment

Edited by Geoffrey D. Broadhead

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Erratum: Brian et al. (2019)

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Motivational Pathways to Social and Pedagogical Inclusion in Physical Education

Terese Wilhelmsen, Marit Sørensen, and Ørnulf N. Seippel

This article is focused on how combinations of motivational attributes and motivational climates support social and pedagogical inclusion in physical education among children with disabilities. Theoretically, the authors integrate tenets from achievement-goal theory and self-determination theory. To capture the motivational complexity underlying children’s experiences of inclusion in physical education, they use a 2-step fuzzy qualitative comparative analysis. The analyses of contextual conditions yielded 2 sufficient inclusion-supportive climates, namely a physically inclusive and mastery-oriented climate or a physical inclusive, autonomy-supportive, and low performance-oriented climate. The configurations of motivational attributes in the inclusion-supportive climates indicated 4 sufficient pathways to social and pedagogical inclusion. The path with the largest coverage of children was in the physically inclusive and mastery-oriented climate and represented children who were task and ego oriented and low on amotivation and experienced satisfaction of the need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness.