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Kristen Couper Schellhase, Emily Tran, Shannon Carmody, Peter Dawry, and L. Colby Mangum

Research has explored factors related to retention of athletic trainers in collegiate settings but less is known about retention of athletic trainers in secondary school settings. This study aimed to investigate factors that increase retention of secondary school athletic trainers. Twenty-two secondary school athletic trainers (10 females and 12 males, length of employment 14.65 ± 5.01 years) participated in a semistructured video call interview with seven open-ended questions. A phenomenological approach revealed three themes and eight subthemes: (a) support (administration, partner athletic trainer, and non-work-related); (b) connections (impact on patients, school community, and wider community); and (c) security (financial and nonfinancial). Although participants acknowledged challenges, they identified aspects that positively influenced their retention.

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Kristen C. Schellhase, Andrew A. McIntosh, Isis I.A. Jennings-Collier, Madison D. Dininny, Richard I. Zraick, and L. Colby Mangum

Patient education materials should be written at or below a fifth grade reading level. Postconcussion home care instructions outline what signs/symptoms warrant a visit to the emergency department and actions that should be taken/not taken by the caregiver. The purpose of this study was to determine the readability of postconcussion home care instructions provided by national organizations seen as setting the standard of care. Readability analyses were performed using the Readability Studio 2019 Standard Edition, by Oleander Software (Oleander Solutions). All postconcussion home care instructions were written above the recommended reading grade level. Poor comprehension of written material may lead to poor health outcomes; therefore, those organizations should consider amending handouts to meet the recommended reading level. Athletic trainers should examine the readability of home care instructions they provide, use both written and verbal instructions, and ensure caregiver understanding by using the skills in the Health Literacy Universal Precautions Toolkit.