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  • Author: Xavier Ramon x
  • Psychology and Behavior in Sport/Exercise x
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Xavier Ramon, Andrew C. Billings, and José Luis Rojas-Torrijos

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Adrià López-Ferrer, Adrià Marco-Ahulló, Gonzalo Monfort-Torres, Jesús Ramón-Llin, Joao Alves de Moraes Filho,, and Xavier García-Massó

Objective: To determine which type of feedback (visual, verbal, or both combined) facilitates to a greater extent the learning of a specific skill (passing in volleyball). Methods: Three groups of students between 14 and 15 years of age belonging to the third year of Compulsory Secondary Education in a Spanish public high school (n = 58) were randomly assigned a type of feedback implemented in the part of the syllabus dedicated to volleyball. The students’ knowledge, motor performance, accuracy, and self-perception about the action were evaluated before and after the intervention and enjoyment afterwards. Results: All the groups obtained improvements in all the variables studied (p < .05); the verbal and visual feedback group was the one that obtained greater improvements, showing also a greater enjoyment than the visual feedback group. Conclusions: It has been found that the use of the combination of verbal and visual feedback is most recommended for learning a specific skill, such as passing in volleyball.