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Kathryn J. DeShaw, Laura Ellingson, Yang Bai, Jeni Lansing, Maria Perez and Greg Welk

AP. Outcome variables of daily minutes of MVPA and steps were computed from both FBC and the criterion. The threshold for MVPA classification was >3.0 METs, and was used as the cut point to examine agreement at the minute level to determine the number of minutes participants engaged in MVPA

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Kayla M. Baker, Sean Healy, David J. Rice and Jeanette M. Garcia

with participation in negative health behaviors and greater body weight, specifically in female and OW adolescents. 21 The purposes of this study were to examine the associations and differences between gender (male vs female) and weight classification (NW vs OW) for PA levels and individual, social

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Brett D. Tarca, Thomas P. Wycherley, Paul Bennett, Anthony Meade and Katia E. Ferrar

) were included. Modifiable physical factors (predictor variables) were defined as being potentially modifiable via an exercise program and would largely fall into the body function and structure impairment category of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. 12 As there

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Scott M. Lephart and Timothy J. Henry

The confusion between the terms open kinetic chain and closed kinetic chain becomes even greater with application to the upper extremity. Upper extremity function is very difficult to define, due to the numerous shoulder positions and the great velocities with which the shoulder can move. Classifying exercises for rehabilitation of the upper extremity is very difficult due to the complexity of the joint. Many definitions and classification systems have been proposed; however, none of these entirely encompass rehabilitation of the upper extremity. Using previous classifications we have developed a Functional Classification System that is designed to serve as a template for upper extremity rehabilitation. This system has been designed to restore functional shoulder stability, which is dependent upon proper scapulothoracic and glenohumeral stability, and humeral control; all of these are in part mediated by neuromuscular mechanisms. The objective of our new Functional Classification System is to restore functional stability of the shoulder by reestablishing neuromuscular control for overhead activities.

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Juliana S. Oliveira, Leanne Hassett, Catherine Sherrington, Elisabeth Ramsay, Catherine Kirkham, Shona Manning and Anne Tiedemann

into components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF): body functions, structures, activities, and participation. The ICF ( World Health Organization, 2001 ) is a biopsychosocial framework that incorporates interaction between the health condition, body

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Mayrena I. Hernandez, Kevin M. Biese, Dan A. Schaefer, Eric G. Post, David R. Bell and M. Alison Brooks

purpose of this study was to compare the beliefs of youth athletes and parents on the factors related to sport specialization. A secondary purpose was to compare the level of agreement between parent and youth athlete dyads on sport specialization classification system questions. We hypothesized that

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Natalie Kružliaková, Paul A. Estabrooks, Wen You, Valisa Hedrick, Kathleen Porter, Michaela Kiernan and Jamie Zoellner

) and 15.9% had incongruent classification at baseline. When examining participants by health literacy status, high agreement 56 is observed in both low health literate (80.4% classified consistently) and high health literate (85.9% classified consistently) groups. Similar percentage agreement is

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Sergio J. Ibáñez, Javier García-Rubio, Antonio Antúnez and Sebastián Feu

methodology is provided in Figure  1 . Variables Seventeen variables were grouped into contextual information, object of study, classification criteria, research design, and research procedure. The following information was coded for each Doctoral Thesis: (a) Author’s name, (b) Author’s sex, (c) Year of

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Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Mack C. Shelley and Warren D. Franke

health at baseline      Poor/average 113 42.7  Good 149 56.2  Not reported 3 1.1 Readiness-to-change classification at baseline      “Not physically active” 94 35.5  “Physically active” 170 64.2  Not reported 1 9.6 PA Readiness-to-Change There was a significant increase in the number of participants who

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Hani Kopetschny, David Rowlands, David Popovich and Jasmine Thomson

. In addition, the lack of dietary intake data precluded a quantitative comparison to dietary guidelines and classification of intakes as high/low carbohydrate. A follow-up study utilizing in-depth interviews to further investigate the reasons behind athletes’ intended nutrition strategy by training