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Takeshi Kokubo, Yuta Komano, Ryohei Tsuji, Daisuke Fujiwara, Toshio Fujii and Osamu Kanauchi

-Plasma after physical damage from a single exercise session in a treadmill model. In particular, we evaluated the feeling of fatigue and the relationship between spontaneous motor activity and changes in serum transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), an objective fatigue marker. We also evaluated the muscle

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David B. Creel, Leslie M. Schuh, Robert L. Newton Jr, Joseph J. Stote and Brenda M. Cacucci

have primarily used 6-minute walk tests. 1 – 3 This type of testing is appealing because it requires little equipment, and improvements can easily be communicated to patients. From an empirical perspective, graded exercise testing holds advantages over 6-minute walk tests. During graded treadmill

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Rob van der Straaten, Oren Tirosh, William A. (Tony) Sparrow and Rezaul Begg

may facilitate treadmill-based gait training, but it is as yet unknown whether older individuals can modify MTC with augmented information. Figure 2 —A young participant undertaking preferred speed treadmill walking with visual augmented information of MTC amplitude (MTC) provided using a real

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Elroy J. Aguiar, Zachary R. Gould, Scott W. Ducharme, Chris C. Moore, Aston K. McCullough and Catrine Tudor-Locke

promoted as a simple and practical method for gauging intensity in the free-living setting. 8 , 9 We previously described the calibration of cadence–intensity thresholds (ie, cadence values associated with increasing levels of intensity in a sample of young adults [age 21–40 y] during treadmill walking

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Mhairi K. MacLean and Daniel P. Ferris

and complexity in the ambulatory tasks. Walking at a single speed on a treadmill is a good way of collecting data for a steady-state condition, but there are very few steady-state conditions in real-world ambulation. Walking in the real world is often over uneven and varied terrain, interspersed with

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Luana T. Rossato, Camila T.M. Fernandes, Públio F. Vieira, Flávia M.S. de Branco, Paula C. Nahas, Guilherme M. Puga and Erick P. de Oliveira

during high-intensity exercises, and further studies are necessary. Thus, the aim of our study was to investigate the effect of CHO mouth rinse on time to exhaustion in a short duration and high-intensity exercise protocol performed on a treadmill. Methods Subjects Ten young recreationally active male

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Kleverton Krinski, Daniel G. S. Machado, Luciana S. Lirani, Sergio G. DaSilva, Eduardo C. Costa, Sarah J. Hardcastle and Hassan M. Elsangedy

experiment, participants were informed that the real purpose was to compare physiological and psychological responses to exercise on a treadmill and outdoors. Volunteers ( n  = 110) were assessed for eligibility, where 38 women met the inclusion criteria and participated in the study (Table  1 ). Inclusion

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Leanna M. Ross, Jacob L. Barber, Alexander C. McLain, R. Glenn Weaver, Xuemei Sui, Steven N. Blair and Mark A. Sarzynski

examination was a complete preventive medical evaluation, including physical examination, personal and family health history, questionnaires (demographics and health habits), anthropometry, resting electrocardiography, blood chemistry analyses, BP, and a maximal exercise treadmill test. Health history

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Hatice Mujde Ayık and Michael J. Griffin

and Ethics Committee of the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research. Apparatus A treadmill (Kistler Gaitway®; Kistler Group, Sindelfingen, Germany) incorporating 8 force sensors was used to provide the walking task and measure vertical ground reaction forces. Subjects were secured by a loose safety

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Carlos Balsalobre-Fernández, Hovannes Agopyan and Jean-Benoit Morin

could be used as indicators for noncontact lower limb injuries. 3 , 9 , 10 The instruments considered the gold standard for measuring running mechanics are force platforms and instrumented treadmills. 11 , 12 However, the fact that these are unavailable in many performance centers and clinics