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Suzanna Russell, Angus G. Evans, David G. Jenkins and Vincent G. Kelly

clearance of BLa and reduced HR during exercise, 29 and benefits to acute performance recovery, 8 respectively. Disparities between the present data and the findings from previous research may, in part, be due to differences in exercise mode (eg, running vs cycling). Compared with cycling, running the 1

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Sarah E. Roth, Monique Gill, Alec M. Chan-Golston, Lindsay N. Rice, Catherine M. Crespi, Deborah Koniak-Griffin and Michael L. Prelip

. Less than one-quarter of youth in the United States aged 12–15 years meet Department of Health and Human Services recommendations of at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous PA each day. 4 Further, demographic disparities exist in levels of PA engagement among youth. Prior research has found that

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John J. Fraser and Jay Hertel

pretreatment to posttreatment in 2 of the 3 IFM exercises. Delignières and Brisswalter 35 described a disparity between perceived effort and physical performance. They postulate that perceived difficulty is more determined by a participant’s personality, self-esteem, self-confidence, and aspiration rather

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Chad M. Killian and Amelia Mays Woods

instruction may not result in improved achievement for all students and indicate that learner preferences may be a primary influence of student achievement in a flipped course. There is some evidence of gender achievement disparity in flipped courses (e.g.,  Hotle & Garrow, 2016 ). The likely reasons for the

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Hannah R. Thompson, Bhaani K. Singh, Annie Reed, Robert García, Monica Lounsbery, Benjamin D. Winig and Kristine A. Madsen

Thus, unequal provision of PE is likely to contribute to race/ethnic- and income-related health disparities. 24 – 26 Efforts to increase compliance with California’s PE law have included administrative complaints as well as litigation in court. The Los Angeles Unified School District, after receiving

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Alex Knowles, Tristan L. Wallhead and Tucker Readdy

experience within the activities was influencing their level of perceived autonomy. Lunch Recess Sport Context Participation in the voluntary lunch recess game context revealed a clear gender disparity in participation. No female students from either of the intact teaching groups participated in any of the

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Joshua Woods

studies related to disc golf come primarily from the literature on public-park use ( Jun, Kyle, & Mowen, 2009 ; Mowen, Alan, Barret, & Godbey, 2015 ; Mowen, Payne, & Scott, 2005 ). Several of these studies examined disparities in people’s use of specific park attractions such as traditional golf courses

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Christoph Buck, Anca Bolbos and Sven Schneider

model and the overwhelming role of socioeconomic status . WIT Trans Ecol Environ . 2014 ; 191 : 1697 – 1708 . doi:10.2495/SC141442 10.2495/SC141442 10. Gordon-Larsen P , Nelson MC , Page P , Popkin BM . Inequality in the built environment underlies key health disparities in physical

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Sasha A. Fleary, Robin Mehl and Claudio Nigg

, Eriksson C . What motives are important for participation in leisure-time activities at Swedish youth centres? Health Educ J . 2016 ; 75 ( 8 ): 972 – 985 . doi:10.1177/0017896916644001 10.1177/0017896916644001 17. Lenhart CM , Patterson F , Brown MD , O’Brien MJ , Nelson DB . Disparity

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Gemma N. Parry, Lee C. Herrington and Ian G. Horsley

literature, Hogarth et al 5 and Koch et al 7 attributed result disparities to lack of subject familiarization with the technique. Timed push-ups have been highlighted as poor for assessment of force–time performance due to an athlete only being required to move 60% of their body mass—as opposed to the 100