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Molly P. O’Sullivan, Matthew R. Nagy, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

testing procedures and each experimental condition is shown below. Figure 1 —Timeline of testing procedures (visits 2–5 completed in randomized order). Pretesting Visit Participants and their parents came to the Childhood Disparities Research Laboratory (visit 1) in the morning hours after an overnight

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Matthew Juravich and Brian M. Mills

players, the larger the disparity (variability) in performance. Indeed, the authors show that this supply has related to NBA’s imbalance problem. In this vein, the policy of interest in our work (i.e., the one-and-done rule) artificially inflated the available talent pool to collegiate basketball at a

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Lowri C. Edwards, Anna S. Bryant, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M. Jones and Richard J. Keegan

why body management skills were omitted. Indeed, there were disparities between planning and organization for classroom and PE lessons. That is, all classroom lessons were carefully planned and included learning objectives, starter tasks, main activities, and plenaries in a progressive and

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Jemima C. John, Shreela V. Sharma, Deanna Hoelscher, Michael D. Swartz and Chuck Huber

efficacious in PA due to an uneven distribution in PA opportunities between the two genders. Equal access to PA opportunities for both genders can help stem PA and self-efficacy disparities that, unfortunately, persist into adulthood. We also observed differences in self-efficacy scores across education

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Phillip Post and Rebecca Palacios

 al., 2005 ; Kushi et al., 2004 ; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2018 ). The health disparities associated with childhood inactivity have led the Centers for Disease Control ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015 ) and the World Health Organization ( 2010 ) to call for greater

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Nicholas D. Gilson, Caitlin Hall, Andreas Holtermann, Allard J. van der Beek, Maaike A. Huysmans, Svend Erik Mathiassen and Leon Straker

studies), with interrater agreement on items compared, and group consensus reached in the case of any disparities in item scores. Following this process, the remaining studies were independently scored by 2 raters, with any conflicts in scoring resolved by a third rater. Results Study Selection Following

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Seung Ho Chang, Kyungun Kim, Jihyun Lee and Sukho Lee

aged 2–19 years between 1999 and 2014. 4 Eliminating the health disparities is addressed as one of the goals of Healthy People 2010. PA behaviors among low-income and ethnic minority (LIEM) children and youths must be addressed as obesity and sedentary lifestyles in childhood frequently track into

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Werner F. Helsen, Nikola Medic, Janet L. Starkes and Andrew M. Williams

to identify Masters athletes who are relatively younger and relatively older. The first study on the relative age disparities among a population of Masters athletes was conducted by Medic et al. ( 2007 ). They examined a population of athletes from U.S. Masters track and field and swimming. It was

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Marissa A. Kobayashi, Tae Kyoung Lee, Rafael O. Leite, Blanca Noriega Esquives, Guillermo Prado, Sarah E. Messiah and Sara M. St. George

boys are more physically active. 5 , 6 For this reason, it is important to understand factors that contribute to disparities in PA levels among Hispanic adolescent boys and girls. Background Associations Between Parental Stress, Pediatric Obesity, and Physical Activity Emerging research has shown a

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Sofiya Alhassan, Christine W. St. Laurent and Sarah Burkart

a significant decline in physical activity levels compared with their White counterparts ( Kimm et al., 2002 ). The reported decline in physical activity is evident in children of color as young as 11 years of age ( Kimm et al., 2002 ). It is possible that the observed physical activity disparities