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Jemima C. John, Shreela V. Sharma, Deanna Hoelscher, Michael D. Swartz and Chuck Huber

efficacious in PA due to an uneven distribution in PA opportunities between the two genders. Equal access to PA opportunities for both genders can help stem PA and self-efficacy disparities that, unfortunately, persist into adulthood. We also observed differences in self-efficacy scores across education

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Seung Ho Chang, Kyungun Kim, Jihyun Lee and Sukho Lee

aged 2–19 years between 1999 and 2014. 4 Eliminating the health disparities is addressed as one of the goals of Healthy People 2010. PA behaviors among low-income and ethnic minority (LIEM) children and youths must be addressed as obesity and sedentary lifestyles in childhood frequently track into

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Nicholas D. Gilson, Caitlin Hall, Andreas Holtermann, Allard J. van der Beek, Maaike A. Huysmans, Svend Erik Mathiassen and Leon Straker

studies), with interrater agreement on items compared, and group consensus reached in the case of any disparities in item scores. Following this process, the remaining studies were independently scored by 2 raters, with any conflicts in scoring resolved by a third rater. Results Study Selection Following

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Werner F. Helsen, Nikola Medic, Janet L. Starkes and Andrew M. Williams

to identify Masters athletes who are relatively younger and relatively older. The first study on the relative age disparities among a population of Masters athletes was conducted by Medic et al. ( 2007 ). They examined a population of athletes from U.S. Masters track and field and swimming. It was

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Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

study and all participants signed an informed assent document, whereas consent was obtained from their parents. The University of Michigan Institutional Review Board approved this study. Study Design Pretesting Measures Participants and their parents arrived at the Childhood Disparities Research

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Tyler Prochnow, Thabo J. van Woudenberg and Megan S. Patterson

moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) each day 2 ; however, 80% of adolescents worldwide do not meet these recommendations. 3 Data also show a marked decline in MVPA levels throughout childhood and well into adolescence, as well as a significant disparity between sex as female children and adolescents are less

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Neng Wan, Ming Wen, Jessie X. Fan, O. Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Sara McCormick, Kirsten Elliott and Emily Nicolosi

Bureau ; 2010 . 2. Bacong AM , Holub C , Porotesano L . Comparing obesity-related health disparities among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, Asians, and Whites in California: reinforcing the need for data disaggregation and operationalization . Hawaii J Med Public Health . 2016 ; 75 ( 11

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Karin A. Pfeiffer and Michael J. Wierenga

, there are disparities evident for sport participation, with more boys than girls and more individuals from high-income households than low-income households participating, in addition to fewer opportunities and lower participation for individuals with disabilities ( National Physical Activity Plan

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Chelsea L. Kracht, Elizabeth K. Webster and Amanda E. Staiano

Health and Health Disparities of the National Institutes of Health and by a gift from the American Council on Exercise. A.E.S. was supported in part by 1 U54 GM104940 from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health , which funds the Louisiana Clinical and

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

SES disadvantage propels individuals on unhealthy trajectories such as lower LTPA in adulthood suggests that policies addressing socioeconomic inequality among children may be an important route to alleviating socioeconomic health disparities in later life. These findings have important implications