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Phillip Post and Rebecca Palacios

 al., 2005 ; Kushi et al., 2004 ; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2018 ). The health disparities associated with childhood inactivity have led the Centers for Disease Control ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015 ) and the World Health Organization ( 2010 ) to call for greater

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Werner F. Helsen, Nikola Medic, Janet L. Starkes and Andrew M. Williams

to identify Masters athletes who are relatively younger and relatively older. The first study on the relative age disparities among a population of Masters athletes was conducted by Medic et al. ( 2007 ). They examined a population of athletes from U.S. Masters track and field and swimming. It was

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Marissa A. Kobayashi, Tae Kyoung Lee, Rafael O. Leite, Blanca Noriega Esquives, Guillermo Prado, Sarah E. Messiah and Sara M. St. George

boys are more physically active. 5 , 6 For this reason, it is important to understand factors that contribute to disparities in PA levels among Hispanic adolescent boys and girls. Background Associations Between Parental Stress, Pediatric Obesity, and Physical Activity Emerging research has shown a

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Jemima C. John, Shreela V. Sharma, Deanna Hoelscher, Michael D. Swartz and Chuck Huber

efficacious in PA due to an uneven distribution in PA opportunities between the two genders. Equal access to PA opportunities for both genders can help stem PA and self-efficacy disparities that, unfortunately, persist into adulthood. We also observed differences in self-efficacy scores across education

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John R. Harry, Leland A. Barker, Jeffrey D. Eggleston and Janet S. Dufek

was the gender disparity between groups. However, when comparing males versus females within the FAST and SLOW groups, peak vGRF was different between genders only in the SLOW group ( P  = .02). No other difference between genders was detected in either group ( P  > .05). Specifically, the SLOW males

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Claudia O. Alberico, J. Aaron Hipp and Rodrigo S. Reis

. PubMed ID: 26141112 doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1960-6 10.1186/s12889-015-1960-6 18. Engelberg JK , Conway TL , Geremia C , et al . Socioeconomic and race/ethnic disparities in observed park quality . BMC Public Health . 2016 ; 16 ( 1 ): 395 . doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3055-4 27176854 10.1186/s

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Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

study and all participants signed an informed assent document, whereas consent was obtained from their parents. The University of Michigan Institutional Review Board approved this study. Study Design Pretesting Measures Participants and their parents arrived at the Childhood Disparities Research

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Tyler Prochnow, Thabo J. van Woudenberg and Megan S. Patterson

moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) each day 2 ; however, 80% of adolescents worldwide do not meet these recommendations. 3 Data also show a marked decline in MVPA levels throughout childhood and well into adolescence, as well as a significant disparity between sex as female children and adolescents are less

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Dawn M. Emerson, Toni M. Torres-McGehee, Susan W. Yeargin, Kyle Dolan and Kelcey K. deWeber

and/or in conjunction with a sport dietitian. Because the AT is often the primary source for athletes to receive hydration information, 18 clinicians should be knowledgeable regarding the supplement’s intended purpose, potential adverse effects, and educate patients on appropriate use. Disparities We

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Curtis Kindel and John Challis

control groups producing greater moments than the patellofemoral group. With the knee flexed as hip extension increased, the percent disparity between the joint moments of the patellofemoral group and the control group increased: (33% at −45° angle; 42% at −30° angle; 47% at −15° angle; 60% at 0° angle