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Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

while consent was obtained from their parents. The University of Michigan Institutional Review Board approved this study. Data collection occurred from June 2014 to August 2015. Pretesting Measurements Participants and their parents arrived at the Childhood Disparities Research Laboratory in the morning

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Sathvik Namburar, William Checkley, Oscar Flores-Flores, Karina M. Romero, Katherine Tomaino Fraser, Nadia N. Hansel, Suzanne L. Pollard and GASP Study Investigators

activities during recess as compared with boys. There is also evidence from longitudinal studies that the disparity in physical activity levels worsens as children become adolescents, with girls’ activity declining at a faster rate than boys’ as they age. 27 , 28 Forthofer et al 29 showed that the factors

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John R. Harry, Leland A. Barker, Jeffrey D. Eggleston and Janet S. Dufek

was the gender disparity between groups. However, when comparing males versus females within the FAST and SLOW groups, peak vGRF was different between genders only in the SLOW group ( P  = .02). No other difference between genders was detected in either group ( P  > .05). Specifically, the SLOW males

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Ben Langley, Mary Cramp and Stewart C. Morrison

with neutral shoes. In contrast, Butler et al 10 reported no significant differences in in-shoe foot motion between motion control and cushioned running shoes, suggesting small differences between conditions; however, no data were reported by the authors. The disparity between the studies using shoe

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Erica Pasquini and Melissa Thompson

the lasting impact their behavior could have on youth athletes. Phases 1–3 The final objective, providing practice using alternative coaching strategies, was allotted most of the intervention time. This objective focused on Solomon’s second suggestion, coaches attending to behavior disparities to

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Hamid Najafipour, Masoomeh Kahnooji, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mahboobeh Yeganeh, Milad Ahmadi Gohari, Mitra Shadkam Farokhi and Ali Mirzazadeh

lifestyle habits. 9 For instance, young participants with higher socioeconomic status had healthier dietary habits but lower PA level. Therefore, socioeconomic disparities should be considered for public health interventions aiming to improve lifestyle habits. As the level of PA is influenced by various

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Jeanette Gustat, Christopher E. Anderson and Sandy J. Slater

PA, with only approximately 50% of adults, 5 47% of high school youth, 6 and 42% of children aged 6–11 years 7 meeting the recommendations. Disparities exist in meeting PA recommendations for children across categories of race/ethnicity, gender, age, and socioeconomic status. 8 PA behaviors

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Dawn M. Emerson, Toni M. Torres-McGehee, Susan W. Yeargin, Kyle Dolan and Kelcey K. deWeber

and/or in conjunction with a sport dietitian. Because the AT is often the primary source for athletes to receive hydration information, 18 clinicians should be knowledgeable regarding the supplement’s intended purpose, potential adverse effects, and educate patients on appropriate use. Disparities We

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Chia-Yuan Yu, Ayoung Woo, Christopher Hawkins and Sara Iman

): 1289 – 1303 . PubMed ID: 16707199 doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.03.049 16707199 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.03.049 4. Subramanian SV , Acevedo-Garcia D , Osypuk TL . Racial residential segregation and geographic heterogeneity in black/white disparity in poor self-rated health in the US: a

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Stephen M. Glass, Alessandro Napoli, Elizabeth D. Thompson, Iyad Obeid and Carole A. Tucker

intermethod agreement analyses reached the threshold for statistical significance (Table  1 ). Finally, LOA ranges for AAPS versus the human average exceeded the average LOA ranges between human raters. Disparities in LOA ranges were greatest in the Single-Foam condition and least in the Tandem