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Joowon Lee, Baojiang Chen, Harold W. Kohl III, Carolyn E. Barlow, Chong Do Lee, Nina B. Radford, Laura F. DeFina, and Kelley P. Gabriel

anterior, lateral, and posterior probe orientation angles. For CIMT measurement, the mean CIMT across all measured segments for the right and left sides was reported. The accuracy of the CCA far wall intima–media thickness measurement was validated against histological specimens as representing the true

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Michael A. Hunt, Christopher K. Cochrane, Andrew M. Schmidt, Honglin Zhang, David J. Stockton, Alec H. Black, and David R. Wilson

, α was set at .05. Pairwise comparisons were then conducted using a least significant differences correction. Additional repeated-measures analyses of variance were conducted for the joint orientation angles and pressure data from each standing condition in order to characterize these positions. All

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Ignacio Perez-Pozuelo, Thomas White, Kate Westgate, Katrien Wijndaele, Nicholas J. Wareham, and Soren Brage

the rotated gravitational field vector which can then be used to determine the accelerometer’s pitch and roll orientation angles. Pitch and roll of the device were derived according to these formulae: Pitch = − tan − 1 ( Y X 2 + Z 2 ) * 180 π Roll = − tan − 1 ( X Y 2 + Z 2 ) * 180 π As the monitor was

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Heidi Skantz, Timo Rantalainen, Laura Karavirta, Merja Rantakokko, Lotta Palmberg, Erja Portegijs, and Taina Rantanen

walking bouts from the free-living accelerometer data ( Skotte et al., 2014 ). Continuous walking bouts of ≥20 s in duration were identified based on the orientation angle of the thigh (an angle for postural estimation of < π 4 to be eligible to be consideration as walking; Vähä‐Ypyä, Husu, Suni