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Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French, and Kevin A. Becker

palsy ( Debuse, Gibb, & Chandler, 2009 ). Physical adaptations to EAAT are elicited by the three-dimensional, rhythmic movements of the walking horse, which generates movements at the rider’s pelvis that resembles those essential for ambulation ( Garner & Rigby, 2015 ). Improvements in skeletal muscle

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Tobias Alt, Igor Komnik, Jannik Severin, Yannick T. Nodler, Rita Benker, Axel J. Knicker, Gert-Peter Brüggemann, and Heiko K. Strüder

pelvis markers. To calculate inertial properties more accurately, the subject’s whole-body anthropometrics were measured to adjust the inverse dynamic model. The distribution of body mass was accomplished according to Hanavan. 27 The foot and shoe were considered one segment. Kinematic and kinetic

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Wojciech Jedziniak, Piotr Lesiakowski, and Teresa Zwierko

and proper head position during the observation of the visual field. Fujishita et al. ( 2018 ) showed that higher single-leg running speed was associated with an increased forward tilt of the pelvis and a shorter crutch stance phase. Consequently, the biomechanics of locomotion during an amputee

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Manuel Matzka, Christoph Zinner, Philipp Kunz, Hans-Christer Holmberg, and Billy Sperlich

ergometer testing. Although muscle activation during the incremental testing was not assessed, it is well known that for maintaining stability, the activities of leg and pelvis muscles during on-water kayaking increase with intensity, 29 explaining the difference in oxygen demand during on-water versus

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Benjamin Drury, Thomas Green, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, and Jason Moran

the knee flexors, and participants were instructed to gradually lower the upper body trying to resist the movement by contracting the hamstrings and keeping the trunk and hips held in a neutral position throughout. Participants were encouraged to maintain an upright posture with their spine and pelvis

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Lasse Ishøi, Kasper Krommes, Mathias F. Nielsen, Kasper B. Thornton, Per Hölmich, Per Aagaard, Juan J.J. Penalver, and Kristian Thorborg

15°) of the leg being tested. To minimize hip flexion during testing, a rigid belt was strapped around the pelvis and the examination table. In addition, all players were instructed to stabilize themselves by holding on the sides of the table with their hands. The dynamometer was positioned

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Herbert Wagner, Patrick Fuchs, Andrea Fusco, Philip Fuchs, Jeffrey W. Bell, and Serge P. von Duvillard

. In male team handball players, ball velocity in throwing is due to an optimal throwing technique determined by an optimal proximal-to-distal sequencing as well as a high pelvis, trunk, and shoulder internal rotation angular velocity. 24 – 26 Conversely, we found a high and significant correlation

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Johanna S. Rosén, Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey, Keith Tolfrey, Anton Arndt, and Anna Bjerkefors

activating muscles surrounding the pelvis, for example, hip flexor and extensor muscles, might also compensate during the trunk tests with trunk kyphosis or lordosis. Distinguishing the movement caused by using a compensation strategy can be difficult for the classifiers to examine because the compensation

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Gabriel Barreto, Luana Farias de Oliveira, Tiemi Saito, Rafael Klosterhoff, Pedro Perim, Eimear Dolan, Rosa Maria R. Pereira, Patrícia Campos-Ferraz, Fernanda R. Lima, and Bryan Saunders

provided by the central laboratory where the analyses were performed. Values that were outside of the normal range are in bold. Table 5 Bone Mineral Density (g·cm –2 ) at Lumbar Spine and Total Body, and Total Body z Scores Head Arms Legs Trunk Ribs Pelvis Total lumbar spine Total body z score, total

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Luca Cavaggioni, Athos Trecroci, Damiano Formenti, Luke Hogarth, Massimiliano Tosin, and Giampietro Alberti

started after removing the trunk support. The test ended when the participants were no longer able to maintain the position of the 60° angle. In TEXT, the participants were asked to hold a horizontal prone position as long as possible, with the arms crossed over the chest. The pelvis and knees were fixed