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Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

while consent was obtained from their parents. The University of Michigan Institutional Review Board approved this study. Data collection occurred from June 2014 to August 2015. Pretesting Measurements Participants and their parents arrived at the Childhood Disparities Research Laboratory in the morning

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Emily C. Borden, William J. Kraemer, Bryant J. Walrod, Emily M. Post, Lydia K. Caldwell, Matthew K. Beeler, William H. DuPont, John Paul Anders, Emily R. Martini, Jeff S. Volek and Carl M. Maresh

Sommerfield et al, 5 different athletes, including wrestlers, can find similarity of the 2 measures, while many others do not. In other words, the matching of USG and plasma osmolality might reflect the same level of dehydration, while in others, or at other times, it may not. The disparity in this study was

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Stephen M. Glass, Alessandro Napoli, Elizabeth D. Thompson, Iyad Obeid and Carole A. Tucker

intermethod agreement analyses reached the threshold for statistical significance (Table  1 ). Finally, LOA ranges for AAPS versus the human average exceeded the average LOA ranges between human raters. Disparities in LOA ranges were greatest in the Single-Foam condition and least in the Tandem

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Jafrā D. Thomas and Bradley J. Cardinal

et al., 2003 ; Vallance et al., 2008 ; Wallace et al., 2010 ). When resources do not adhere to readability, they likely privilege the better educated and contribute to physical inactivity disparities ( Birru et al., 2004 ). Higher levels of educational attainment are positively associated with

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Cheryl Der Ananian, Renae Smith-Ray, Brad Meacham, Amy Shah and Susan Hughes

. Moreover, there is a growing recognition of the need for culturally-tailored health promotion and behavior change programs to reduce health disparities. Incorporating cultural components into health behavior change programs may enhance their appeal, appropriateness, and effectiveness ( Barrera, Berkel

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Julie A. Fuller, Heidi L. Hammil, Kelly J. Pronschinske and Chris J. Durall

the only authors in this review who reported a lower dislocation rate following surgery. Given the disparity in surgical outcomes between the reviewed studies, there is a need for additional investigations comparing the various operative techniques. Rates of reoperation differed between the studies

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Irineu Loturco, Lucas A. Pereira, Ciro Winckler, Weverton L. Santos, Ronaldo Kobal and Michael McGuigan

-training intensity by the instantaneous measurement of the movement velocity. 1 , 3 Although a recent study 4 revealed possible disparities among different methods for determining mechanical outputs in strength–power exercises, the variety of technologies available (eg, accelerometer, linear position transducer

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Leanne Norman

support and reward. Pay and employment contracts are evidence of worth and are reflections of equality within an organization ( Acker, 2006 ). An organization cannot be equal where there are systemic disparities between participants in their sense of control over their career, resources, opportunities for

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Meghan K. Edwards and Paul D. Loprinzi

least meeting the aerobic guidelines of 150 minutes per week of moderate to vigorous PA or 75 minutes per week of vigorous PA. 1 However, only 24.4% of Americans are performing muscle-strengthening activities 2 or more days a week, as suggested in the recommended guidelines. The disparity between

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Stephen Macdonald and Justine Allen

did and why, from a learning perspective, provided an explanation for these differences. Third, adopting multiple perspectives and methods proved useful in identifying both congruence and disparity within the motivational climates. Fourth, the findings demonstrate the complementary nature of the three