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Julie A. Fuller, Heidi L. Hammil, Kelly J. Pronschinske and Chris J. Durall

the only authors in this review who reported a lower dislocation rate following surgery. Given the disparity in surgical outcomes between the reviewed studies, there is a need for additional investigations comparing the various operative techniques. Rates of reoperation differed between the studies

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Ben Langley, Nick Knight and Stewart C. Morrison

increased rearfoot eversion in injured populations compared with healthy controls during running. The disparity between our findings and the previous literature 7 , 8 , 11 is likely due to the inclusion criteria for the injured group. While the present study compared those with MTSS alone with a healthy

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Janet E. Fulton, David M. Buchner, Susan A. Carlson, Deborah Borbely, Kenneth M. Rose, Ann E. O’Connor, Janelle P. Gunn and Ruth Petersen

tactics for promoting physical activity nationwide. Reducing health disparities and promoting health equity are important, cross-cutting goals in these documents, which is an overarching theme of Active People, Healthy Nation SM . Five Action Steps of Active People, Healthy Nation SM To accelerate

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Jesse Mala, Jennifer McGarry, Kristen E. Riley, Elaine C.-H. Lee and Lindsay DiStefano

States is currently experiencing poverty, a disparate number of Black (22%) and Hispanic (19.4%) families are currently living in poverty compared with non-Hispanic Whites (8.8%; Semega et al., 2017 ). This disparity can be attributed to the historical and current systemic oppression that these racial

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Meghan K. Edwards and Paul D. Loprinzi

least meeting the aerobic guidelines of 150 minutes per week of moderate to vigorous PA or 75 minutes per week of vigorous PA. 1 However, only 24.4% of Americans are performing muscle-strengthening activities 2 or more days a week, as suggested in the recommended guidelines. The disparity between

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Carla L. Dellaserra, Noe C. Crespo, Michael Todd, Jennifer Huberty and Sonia Vega-López

activity patterns among Latinos in the United States: putting the pieces together . Prev Chronic Dis . 2007 ; 4 ( 4 ): 92 . PubMed 21. Neighbors CJ , Marquez DX , Marcus BH . Leisure-time physical activity disparities among Hispanic subgroups in the United States . Am J Public Health . 2008

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Jonathan M. Miller, Mark A. Pereira, Julian Wolfson, Melissa N. Laska, Toben F. Nelson and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

.1123/pes.14.1.75 10.1123/pes.14.1.75 15. Wardle J , Jarvis MJ , Steggles N , et al . Socioeconomic disparities in cancer-risk behaviors in adolescence: baseline results from the Health and Behaviour in Teenagers Study (HABITS) . Prev Med . 2003 ; 36 ( 6 ): 721 – 730 . doi:10.1016/S0091

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Andrew O. Agbaje, Eero A. Haapala, Niina Lintu, Anna Viitasalo, Juuso Väistö, Sohaib Khan, Aapo Veijalainen, Tuomo Tompuri, Tomi Laitinen and Timo A. Lakka

increase in body fat content during maturation in girls than in boys could also contribute to the sex disparity in the relationship of CRF with arterial dilatation capacity in response to a bout of exercise ( 27 ). However, controlling for puberty conferred little or no alteration in the association

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Phillip Ward

). The influence of a state mandated induction assistance program on the socialization of a beginning physical education teacher . Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 30 , 340 – 357 . doi:10.1123/jtpe.30.4.340 10.1123/jtpe.30.4.340 Stringer , S. ( 2015 ). Dropping the ball: Disparities in

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Dan M. Cooper

if we are to mitigate health disparities. While it is evident that physical fitness and PA interact with social determinants of child and adolescent health in many ways ( 102 ), research is needed to identify, prioritize, and develop interventions that most effectively use exercise as medicine to