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Seung-uk Ko, Gerald J. Jerome, Eleanor M. Simonsick, Stephanie Studenski and Luigi Ferrucci

disparities when examined in a group of older adults with greater heterogeneity in functioning. In addition, future studies should consider the severity of knee pain to allow for more detailed comparisons. A strength of the study is that the nonfallers without knee pain represent a comparison group with an

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Emanuele D’Artibale, Maheswaran Rohan and John B. Cronin

races, and the racers placed behind the first row at the starting grid won 17.6% of world-level competitions. Although disparities between motorcycles should always be minimized, regulations on starting grid (ie, new grid-shuffling system introduced at Race 2 in 2017 at the FIM World Superbike

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TaeYeong Kim, JaeHyuk Lee, SeJun Oh, Seungmin Kim and BumChul Yoon

follow-up. 20 This disparity between our current study results and previous results may be because participants of the current study performed exercises 2 to 3 times per week, and they were younger than participants of the previous studies (mean age: ∼40 y). There are several limitations to this study

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Gabriel Andrade Paz, Marianna de Freitas Maia, Haroldo Gualter Santana, Humberto Miranda, Vicente Lima and John D. Willson

reason for the disparity in the number of serious knee injuries, such as ACL rupture, between male and female athletes. 11 , 15 Greater knee valgus angles and interlimb hip and knee joint sagittal and frontal plane kinematic asymmetries are reported to be more common in females compared with males. 5

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

Exercise Engagement Among Young African American Women? All Signs Point to Yes There are large health disparities for African American women, which substantially increases their risk for many chronic diseases. Increasing physical activity levels can reduce health risks, but there are few interventions that

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R. Dale Sheptak Jr. and Brian E. Menaker

with this particular type of vocation (i.e., seasonal, hourly, part time) in the sport and sports events industry due to the current pandemic. It is prudent to recognize that there is great disparity in the type and scope of labor models employed in sport and events around the globe, and it would be

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Yiran Su, Bradley J. Baker, Jason P. Doyle and Meimei Yan

, whereas U.S.-based athletes have more platforms for self-branding, including Twitter, Facebook, SnapChat, YouTube, and Instagram. This disparity also contributes to Chinese athletes demonstrating a more deliberate use of short-form videos with the intention of exploiting opportunities presented by Douyin

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Dana M. Lis and Keith Baar

amino acid levels rose similar to the GEL and HC groups (Figure  2 ). One possible explanation for this disparity is that in the preparation of the gummies, Ribena ® was exposed to heat to dissolve the gelatin. Since heating is known to degrade vitamin C ( Peleg, 2017 ), it is possible that following

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Jennifer R. Pharr, Mary Angela M. Terencio and Timothy Bungum

/overview-2017-508.pdf . Accessed June 3, 2019. 20. Dubay LC , Lebrun LA . Health, behavior, and health care disparities: disentangling the effects of income and race in the United States . Int J Health Serv . 2012 ; 42 ( 4 ): 607 – 625 . PubMed ID: 23367796 doi:10.2190/HS.42.4.c 10.2190/HS.42.4.c

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Stephen Harvey, Chris Rissel and Mirjam Pijnappels

achieved better scores on the five physical performance measures, we used independent samples t tests. Then, we tested for differences in performance measures between type of bicycle ridden in those who still bicycled using a one-way analysis of variance. Due to the disparity of gender participation