It is not known whether children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) have lower cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) than children without the disorder, or whether this relationship varies by age and gender. These issues are examined using a cross-sectional assessment of children 9-14 years of age (N = 549). Participants were screened for DCD using the short form Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP-SF). A BOTMP-SF age-adjusted standard score at or below the 10th percentile rank on the BOTMP-SF was required to classify a diagnosis for probable DCD. CRF was determined from each participant’s predicted peak-aerobic power using the Léger 20-m shuttle-run test. Children with DCD report lower CRF than children without the disorder and are more likely to be in a high-risk group (≤ 20th percentile in peak VO2). Moreover, 70% of boys with DCD scored at or below the 20th percentile in peak VO2. Further research in a laboratory setting should be conducted to confirm these findings.
John Cairney, John A. Hay, Brent E. Faught, Andreas Flouris, and Panagiota Klentrou
Fotini Venetsanou and Antonis Kambas
This study investigated if motor proficiency (MP) in preschool age associate with physical activity (PA) in adolescence.
In 2004, the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Short Form (BOTMP-SF) (7) was administered to 413 children, aged 4–6 years, who were classified to MP groups according to their BOTMP-SF total score (TS). In 2014, the PA of 106 former participants (47 boys, 59 girls) was measured with Omron pedometers. MP [three (high; above average; average)] × gender (two) ANOVA and Bonferroni tests were computed on average of steps/week.
A significant interaction between the two factors was revealed (F = 15.27, p < .001, η2=.153), indicating that MP influenced male and female PA differently. Only in average MP group, males presented higher PA than females, whereas there were no differences between the two genders in the higher MP groups. Moreover, the only significant difference in PA among male groups was that between high and above average MP groups, while in females there were significant differences among all groups.
High MP at preschool age positively associated with the PA in adolescence, especially in females. Emphasis on the development of proficient young movers might be beneficial for lifelong PA.
Nadia Cristina Valentini, Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Larissa Wagner Zanella, Keila G. Pereira, Maicon Rodrigues Albuquerque, and Mary Elizabeth Rudisill
. Another motor assessment that incorporates a screening test, is the Bruininks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT-2). This screening test was developed from the original long-form version and has limited validity evidence ( Bruininks & Bruininks, 2005 ; Lucas et al., 2013 ). Several studies reported
Guilherme M. Cesar, Rebecca Lewthwaite, and Susan M. Sigward
.02 ± 1.88 73.96 ± 1.97 Foot length (cm) 22.02 ± 0.56 27.22 ± 0.23 Physical Activity: Total a 728.00 ± 108.37 376.25 ± 57.33 Physical Activity: Run, Cut, and Stop Categories a 427.50 ± 91.45 45.63 ± 15.94 Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency b 25.52 ± 0.53 n/a a Minutes per week. b Locomotor
Daniela G.L. Terson de Paleville and Jason C. Immekus
quarter of the academic year. Equipment and Instrumentation The Bruininks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency Second Edition (BOT-2) 35 short version was used to measure motor proficiency. The BOT-2 is a validated instrument of motor proficiency utilizing a series of tasks designed to measure fine motor
Sally Taunton Miedema, Ali Brian, Adam Pennell, Lauren Lieberman, Larissa True, Collin Webster, and David Stodden
assessment measures (e.g., Bruininks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency—second edition brief form [BOT2-BF] and Test of Gross Motor Development—second edition [TGMD-2]). Moreover, there will be no differential effects of disabilities on children’s motor competency and proficiency within the intervention
Nadia Cristina Valentini, Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Mariele Santayana de Souza, and Michael J. Duncan
was obtained from each participant. Health-Related Fitness Endurance and strength were assessed using individual subtests of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2. 37 Endurance was measured using the running speed and agility subtest of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency
Priscila Tamplain, E. Kipling Webster, Ali Brian, and Nadia C. Valentini
-0061 Brown , T. ( 2019 ). Structural validity of the Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency– Second edition brief form (BOT-2-BF) . Research in Developmental Disabilities, 85, 92 – 103 . PubMed ID: 30502549 doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2018.11.010 10.1016/j.ridd.2018.11.010 Bruinink , B. , & Bruininks
Alison B. Pritchard Orr, Kathy Keiver, Chris P. Bertram, and Sterling Clarren
language and frame of reference for practice . Disability & Rehabilitation, 32 ( 1 ), 125 – 138 . PubMed ID: 20843264 doi:10.3109/09638288.2010.516787 Bruininks , R.H. , & Bruininks , B.D. ( 2005 ). Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency (BOT-2) ( 2nd ed. ). Minneapolis, MN : Pearson
Ghazala T. Saleem, Jeanne Langan, Jacob I. McPherson, Beth S. Slomine, E. Mark Mahone, Martha Bridge Denckla, and Stacy J. Suskauer
most assessments used in older children test multiple components of postural control ( Sibley et al., 2017 ). For instance, the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition, which is commonly used in pediatric rehabilitation settings, assesses static stability, underlying motor systems