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Kim C. Graber, Amelia Mays Woods, Chad M. Killian, K. Andrew R. Richards and Jesse L. Rhoades

reflective of the continued gender disparity between male and female academics that has been noted in higher education ( Eagan & Carvey, 2015 ; Judge & Colquitt, 2004 ). It also hints at potential issues related to female faculty members’ voices being underrepresented in the research literature, given that

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Robin C. Puett, Dina Huang, Jessica Montresor-Lopez, Rashawn Ray and Jennifer D. Roberts

for children and to reduce disparities in access to such spaces. Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge the following supporters of this research: (1) the participants of the BEAP Study and Natalie Boonchaisri who assisted with formatting and references and (2) the Agents of Change (AOC

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Katherine Reta Devonshire-Gill and Kevin Ian Norton

smaller surveys. This study found disparities in sufficiency prevalences between subgroups in the categories of sex, place of residence, BMI, and education. The data were therefore disaggregated according to sex and (1) area of residence, (2) BMI, and (3) highest education level attained to determine

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Leigh Ann Ganzar, Nalini Ranjit, Debra Saxton and Deanna M. Hoelscher

reduce health disparities and moderate (or mitigate) the influence of low socioeconomic status on health outcomes. 12 Studies on the effect or association of singular school policies with physical activity behavior in students have shown positive effects in multiple settings and populations, and they

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Laureen H. Smith, Devin Laurent, Erica Baumker and Rick L. Petosa

variance for BMI and body fat percentage in this rural Appalachian adolescent sample. Discussion This study supports the importance of understanding health needs and disparities within subpopulations. Adolescents residing in rural Appalachia suffer from poorer health at earlier ages. Health disparities

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Yong Yang, Sheng Li, Kai Zhang, Xiaoling Xiang, Zhigang Li, SangNam Ahn and James Murphy

contribute to the establishment of related theories and models and provide implications to empirical intervention. Digital technological innovations have the potential to address the unmet daily needs of older adults and bridge health disparities for disadvantaged groups (e.g., older adults with medical

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Sheri J. Hartman, Dori Pekmezi, Shira I. Dunsiger and Bess H. Marcus

behavior and related health disparities in this community. In fact, objectively measured data from a large population-based study of US Latino adults found that 74% of their time was spent in sedentary activities. Furthermore, results indicated an adverse relationship between such sedentary time and

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Dustin A. Hahn

female athletes even if evidence of disparity in type of treatment persists in social media. Race Equally important, though studied with perhaps less fervor, is the issue of racial representation in sport media today. Findings during the 2012 Olympics revealed an emphasis on White athletes over

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Stephen Harvey and Shane Pill

Research commentary suggests the utilization of Tactical Games Models (TGMs) only exists in isolated instances, particularly where teachers demonstrate true fidelity to these models. In contrast, many academics have adopted TGMs into their courses. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to investigate reasons for this disparity. Participants were 44 academics and 80 physical education teachers. Results showed that academics provided a myriad of reasons why teachers may not use TGMs, although all agreed on the need for increased teacher professional development in TGMs. Physical education teachers’ outlined that numerous competing versions of TGMs was confusing and they required more hands-on examples of TGMs. Results further highlighted disparities between academics and teachers’ conceptual understanding and pedagogical applications of TGMs. There is a critical need to create improved connections between academics and physical education teachers, which could be achieved through the extended examination of the micropedagogies of teachers practice in TGMs.

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Sally Shaw and John Amis

Studies that have examined the disparity in investment between men's and women's sports are rare and are generally distributional in nature. Little research has been carried out that has explored the reasons why managers tend to invest in men's sport instead of women's. Given the rise in sponsorship spending, and the increasingly strategic nature of such investments, this represents an important gap in the literature. The purpose of this paper was to explore conceptually and empirically some of the possible reasons for this disparity. By examining the agreements made by the sponsors of two international women's sports teams, we found support for the contention that the values and beliefs of decision makers, the media representation of sport, and mimetic pressures on managers combine to heavily influence decisions about what and who to sponsor. We also suggest that if such factors can be overcome, women's sport has the potential to be a very useful marketing tool for certain firms.