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Rosenda Murillo, Pooja Agrawal, Sheila Berenji-Jalaei, Elizabeth Vasquez, and Sandra Echeverria

levels of physical activity. 9 This may in part be explained by observational learning, a construct of the social cognitive theory and defined as the acquisition of attitudes, values, and styles of thinking through the observation of others, influencing whether an individual engages in a particular

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Amanda M. Rymal

Hall . Carroll , W.R. , & Bandura , A. ( 1982 ). The role of visual monitoring in observational learning of actions patterns: Making the unobservable observable . Journal of Motor Behavior, 14 , 153 – 167 . PubMed ID: 15155177 doi:10.1080/00222895.1982.10735270 10

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Stefan Panzer, Christina Pfeifer, Peter Leinen, and Charles Shea

thank Ms. Vetter for support of the data collection. References Blandin , Y. , Lhuisset , L. , & Proteau , L. ( 1999 ). Cognitive processes underlying observational learning of motor skills . Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 52A ( 4 ), 957 – 972 . https://doi.org/10

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Maureen R. Weiss

way, and I could not have done it without his guidance, generosity, and compassion. I can never thank Dan enough for his positive influence on my career. Dan’s dissertation was in the area of observational learning, and I was intrinsically interested based on coaching children varying in motor and

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Stephen R. Bested, Gerome A. Manson, and Luc Tremblay

, 1993 ). Such benefit of mixed practice (i.e., experiencing a perfect reference of correctness [expert performance] as well as one’s own errors) has also been reported for observational learning, which arguably involves similar error detection and correction mechanisms comparable to physical practice

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Phillip Post and Rebecca Palacios

). Specifically, Aggie Play activities targeted cognitive (i.e., knowledge, self-efficacy, and outcome expectations), environmental (i.e., observational learning, removal of barriers to access physical activity opportunities), and behavioral (i.e., enhancing behavioral skills, reinforcement via attention and

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Amanda Young, Seán Healy, Lisa Silliman-French, and Ali Brian

), including (a) behavioral capability—the ability of an individual to perform a behavior based on having the necessary knowledge and skills; (b) observational learning—learning that occurs via the observation of others; (c) outcome expectations—the consequences of the behavior that are anticipated by the

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Cornelia Frank, Taeho Kim, and Thomas Schack

exist that aim at disentangling learning by observation and learning by execution from a behavioral point of view (for reviews, see e.g.,  McCullagh et al., 2012 ; Shea et al., 2000 ). Newell and colleagues ( 1985 ) provided an early perceptual-cognitive explanation for observational learning in their

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Timothy D. Lee and Heather Carnahan

effects occur and represent a fertile avenue for future work and application ( Wulf, 2013 ; Wulf & Lewthwaite, 2016 ). Although modeling and observational learning are not strictly new topics of investigation, they had received only sporadic study until the 1990s when the interest of both motor learning

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Deborah S. Baxter and Oleg A. Sinelnikov

this theory and explain how goal-directed behavior is maintained through control and reinforcement. (a) Reciprocal determinism: refers to the interaction of a person, environment, and behavior (b) Behavioral capability: refers to the ability to perform (c) Observational learning: refers to the