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Vikki Krane, Emma Calow, and Brandy Panunti

( Abdul, 2020 ). Shortly after that, a physician associated with World Athletics 1 told her she needed to undergo treatment, including surgery, to be eligible for future elite competition. Given the option of never competing again or undergoing the treatment, Negasa opted for the treatment. “I love my

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R. Elueze and R.L. Jones

The purpose of the study was to compare the televised depictions and portrayals of male and female athletes who partook in the so-called ‘masculine’ events of the marathon, shot-put and discus at the 5th World Athletics Championships in 1995. Both commentary and modes of production were analyzed in order to ascertain if women were treated equally in terms of the above modes of presentation when participating in physically challenging events that defy traditional and stereotypical notions of femininity.

Based upon the results, not only were the men’s events given greater air time, but the quality of the commentary and modes of production also favored the men’s events when compared with their female counterparts. Thus, commentators frequently framed the female athletes’ accomplishments in terms of traditional notions of femininity, through the use of negative, condescending and ambivalent descriptors and a gendered hierarchy of naming.

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Michael J. Asmussen, Glen A. Lichtwark, and Jayishni N. Maharaj

Humans have the remarkable ability to run over variable terrains. During locomotion, however, humans are unstable in the mediolateral direction and this instability must be controlled actively—a goal that could be achieved in more ways than one. Walking research indicates that the subtalar joint absorbs energy in early stance and returns it in late stance, an attribute that is credited to the tibialis posterior muscle-tendon unit. The purpose of this study was to determine how humans (n = 11) adapt to mediolateral perturbations induced by custom-made 3D-printed “footwear” that either enhanced or reduced pronation of the subtalar joint (modeled as motion in 3 planes) while running (3 m/s). In all conditions, the subtalar joint absorbed energy (ie, negative mechanical work) in early stance followed by an immediate return of energy (ie, positive mechanical work) in late stance, demonstrating a “spring-like” behavior. These effects increased and decreased in footwear conditions that enhanced or reduced pronation (P ≤ .05), respectively. Of the recorded muscles, the tibialis posterior (P ≤ .05) appeared to actively change its activation in concert with the changes in joint energetics. We suggest that the “spring-like” behavior of the subtalar joint may be an inherent function that enables the lower limb to respond to mediolateral instabilities during running.

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Gennaro Boccia, Marco Cardinale, and Paolo Riccardo Brustio

elite senior athlete. In middle-distance events, only 31% of the junior finalists in the WJC had been ranked among the top 10 later at senior level. 10 We recently reported robust estimates of transition rate in world-class sprinters and jumpers. 7 , 11 After analyzing the World Athletics and WJC

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Gennaro Boccia, Marco Cardinale, and Paolo Riccardo Brustio

categories. Methods The sample of this study involved the sprinters competing in 100-, 200-, and 400-m races. The names of male and female athletes ranked in the top 100 official lists of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF—now called World Athletics; https://www.iaaf.org/home ) in

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Ralph Beneke and Renate M. Leithäuser

This year’s International Association of Athletic Federations World Athletics Championship in Doha, Qatar, provides interesting challenges. Doha is in the desert. Most athletes will compete in a fully climatized stadium guaranteeing comfortable ambient temperatures. Starting times of the remaining

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Christopher J. Stevens, Megan L.R. Ross, Amelia J. Carr, Brent Vallance, Russ Best, Charles Urwin, Julien D. Périard, and Louise Burke

A simple analysis of World Athletics Championships endurance running events revealed ∼2% slower performance times in ambient temperatures >25°C compared with those in <25°C. 1 The negative effects of heat stress on endurance performance stem from the integration of several factors including

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related to athletics and the history of doping. Jörg Krieger , PhD, is an assistant professor in Sport and Social Science in the Research Unit Sport and Body Culture at Aarhus University, Denmark. In his current research project, he explores the history of World Athletics, formerly the International

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Harry Beal, Jo Corbett, Danielle Davis, and Martin J. Barwood

The 2019 World athletics Championships took place in Doha, Qatar, in hot (∼32 °C), humid conditions (∼74% relative humidity 1 ) that were forecast to increase the risk of heat-related illness. 2 International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) guidelines indicated that these conditions

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Timothy J. Fulton, Marissa N. Baranauskas, and Robert F. Chapman

strict internal criteria that go beyond minimum World Athletics and/or International Olympic Committee qualification standards. For example, the New Zealand NGB considers criteria for athlete selection as the potential for a top 16 or top 8 placing. 1 However, NGBs from other countries (eg