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Vikki Krane, Emma Calow, and Brandy Panunti

( Abdul, 2020 ). Shortly after that, a physician associated with World Athletics 1 told her she needed to undergo treatment, including surgery, to be eligible for future elite competition. Given the option of never competing again or undergoing the treatment, Negasa opted for the treatment. “I love my

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R. Elueze and R.L. Jones

The purpose of the study was to compare the televised depictions and portrayals of male and female athletes who partook in the so-called ‘masculine’ events of the marathon, shot-put and discus at the 5th World Athletics Championships in 1995. Both commentary and modes of production were analyzed in order to ascertain if women were treated equally in terms of the above modes of presentation when participating in physically challenging events that defy traditional and stereotypical notions of femininity.

Based upon the results, not only were the men’s events given greater air time, but the quality of the commentary and modes of production also favored the men’s events when compared with their female counterparts. Thus, commentators frequently framed the female athletes’ accomplishments in terms of traditional notions of femininity, through the use of negative, condescending and ambivalent descriptors and a gendered hierarchy of naming.

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Anna Posbergh

testosterone are more embedded in certain contexts than others; the role of organizations in conjunction with scientists (such as World Athletics in their “Athleticism” chapter) in producing particular knowledge; and why, despite the harms of testosterone-centered sport policies, many women athletes continue

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Jörg Krieger, Lindsay Parks Pieper, and Ian Ritchie

to perceived problems in their specific sports, international federations often act before the IOC, consequently influencing the ways in which Olympic governors eventually respond. For example, when the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF; since 2019 called World Athletics

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April Henning and Jörg Krieger

), called World Athletics since October 2019, is one international sport federation that has for years debated and wrestled with the issue of athlete compensation. 9 The IAAF, formerly known as the International Amateur Athletics Federation, is the international governing body of track-and-field sports

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Sébastien Fleuriel, Bruno Papin, and Baptiste Viaud

international level. French athletics leaders seemed particularly sensitive to this issue in light of the success experienced by Sweden. Indeed, Swedish runners dominated world athletics at that time, and other nations were extremely interested in the conditions under which they trained. As it turned out, the

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John Horne and Yoshio Takahashi

“done two Commonwealth Games, three Olympic Games, two RWCs, one World Athletics, and one Football World Cup.” They joined the 2012 London Olympics working for a hospitality company and according to them, “(B)efore you know it you are in the circuit of international events.” They got their positions

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related to athletics and the history of doping. Jörg Krieger , PhD, is an assistant professor in Sport and Social Science in the Research Unit Sport and Body Culture at Aarhus University, Denmark. In his current research project, he explores the history of World Athletics, formerly the International

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Mathew Dowling, Spencer Harris, and Marvin Washington

created a payment scheme with the International Athletics Federation (World Athletics) so that Russian athletes could pay officials to keep positive results covered up. Third, WADA, the IOC, and CAS were seen to exhibit slow and misguided leadership in addressing the allegations of systemic doping in

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Julie Minikel-Lacocque

purpose of these tests, claimed the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF)—now named World Athletics—and the International Olympic Committee (IOC), was to protect female athletes from competing against male athletes who might be “masquerading” as females in all-female events ( Cooky