( Abdul, 2020 ). Shortly after that, a physician associated with World Athletics 1 told her she needed to undergo treatment, including surgery, to be eligible for future elite competition. Given the option of never competing again or undergoing the treatment, Negasa opted for the treatment. “I love my
Vikki Krane, Emma Calow, and Brandy Panunti
R. Elueze and R.L. Jones
The purpose of the study was to compare the televised depictions and portrayals of male and female athletes who partook in the so-called ‘masculine’ events of the marathon, shot-put and discus at the 5th World Athletics Championships in 1995. Both commentary and modes of production were analyzed in order to ascertain if women were treated equally in terms of the above modes of presentation when participating in physically challenging events that defy traditional and stereotypical notions of femininity.
Based upon the results, not only were the men’s events given greater air time, but the quality of the commentary and modes of production also favored the men’s events when compared with their female counterparts. Thus, commentators frequently framed the female athletes’ accomplishments in terms of traditional notions of femininity, through the use of negative, condescending and ambivalent descriptors and a gendered hierarchy of naming.
Mathew Dowling, Spencer Harris, and Marvin Washington
created a payment scheme with the International Athletics Federation (World Athletics) so that Russian athletes could pay officials to keep positive results covered up. Third, WADA, the IOC, and CAS were seen to exhibit slow and misguided leadership in addressing the allegations of systemic doping in
purpose of these tests, claimed the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF)—now named World Athletics—and the International Olympic Committee (IOC), was to protect female athletes from competing against male athletes who might be “masquerading” as females in all-female events ( Cooky
Michelle Hayes, Kevin Filo, Caroline Riot, and Andrea Geurin
Championships □ 2017 IAAF World Athletics Championships □ 2017 ICF Sprint Canoe World Championships □ 2017 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships □ 2017 ITU World Triathlon Grand Final □ 2017 Ocean Cup (Hockey) □ 2017 Oktoberfest 7s □ 2017 Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships □ 2017 Short Track Speed Skating
Markus Buser, Herbert Woratschek, Geoff Dickson, and Jan Schönberner
, and semi-finals. Among others, the eight finalists also benefit from the contributions of World Athletics, the IOC, their national Olympic committees and national athletics federations, event volunteers, sponsors, and broadcasters as part of the value co-creation process. FP3: Actors Co-Create Value