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Understanding the Meaning of Representation in a Deliberative Democratic Governance System

Lisa A. Kihl and Vicki Schull

Globally, sport governance systems have experienced a democratic shift in terms of expanding the forms and mechanisms of athlete representation across international, national, and local sports’ governing bodies (e.g.,  Geeraert, Alm, & Groll, 2013 ; Jackson & Richie, 2007 ; Thibault, Kihl

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A Social Media Analysis of the Gendered Representations of Female and Male Athletes During the 2018 Commonwealth Games

Elaine Chiao Ling Yang, Michelle Hayes, Jinyan Chen, Caroline Riot, and Catheryn Khoo-Lattimore

Contemporary sport culture is characterized as highly masculinized, where female athletes are continually marginalized in traditional media. Despite evidence suggesting that media representation of athletes has a meaningful impact on social outcomes and participation rates of women and girls, little is known about gendered representations of athletes on social media and in the context of mega-sporting events. This paper examines the gendered representations of athletes on Twitter during the 2018 Commonwealth Games using framing theory. A total of 133,338 tweets were analyzed using sentiment and word-frequency analyses. Results indicate gender differences concerning athlete representation on Twitter, albeit marginal. In particular, the findings reveal that seemingly neutral words (e.g., “dedicated,” “talented,” and “hard working”) could carry gendered connotations. Recommendations are provided to guide stakeholders to advance a more inclusive sport culture through the strategic use of social media during mega-sporting events.

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Sport and the Coronavirus Crisis Special Issue: An Introduction

Brody J. Ruihley and Bo Li

. Many of the commentaries in this special issue focus on sport media and communication covering various topics, including legacy media (television and newspapers), digital media platforms (Twitter, Instagram, and TikTok), athlete representation, crisis communication, fake news, and media framing

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Off the Court: Examining Social Media Activity and Engagement in Women’s Professional Sport

Megan C. Piché and Michael L. Naraine

primarily composed of gender stereotypes and traditional female attributes, such as beauty and esthetics ( Romney & Johnson, 2020 ). Romney and Johnson discovered that female athletesrepresentation on sport communication Instagram accounts was primarily of a sexualized nature, reinforcing gender

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The Supercrip Athlete in Media: Model of Inspiration or Able-Bodied Hegemony?

Danielle Sterba, Jessie N. Stapleton, and Winston Kennedy

supercrip model on an individual level, whereas other sources have emphasized negative consequences and called for action to re-evaluate this model of athlete representation ( Martin, 2017 ). To fully investigate how the supercrip model affects athletes themselves, society, and culture, it is necessary to

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An Analysis of Agenda Setting and Framing of American Marathon Television Coverage

Michael Clemons and Austin C. Bogina

leaderboard, which further highlights the separation of elite athlete representation in the broadcast. It is also worth noting that the ABC encore presentation of NYC included ESPN’s standard news ticker at the bottom, which spoiled the results of the race by announcing the winner in their sports highlights

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The Gradual Normalization of Behaviors Which Might Challenge Ethical and Professional Standards in Two British Elite Sports Organizations

Niels Boysen Feddersen and Simon Edward Phelan

duty of care in sports in its fullest sense. Doing so would entail athlete representation at the board level of NGBs and funding organizations, such as Sport England and UK Sport. Neither Sport England, UK Sport, nor the English Institute of Sport have active athletes on their boards, and such

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Statements Versus Reality: How Multiple Stakeholders Perpetuate Racial Inequality in Intercollegiate Athletic Leadership

Carter A. Rockhill, Jonathan E. Howe, and Kwame J.A. Agyemang

. Compliance would be based around Title IX guidelines, such as meeting the requirements of an adapted three-prong test ( Office for Civil Rights, 2003 ). The adapted three prongs are: (a) racial DEI within senior-level administration and coaching positions is, at minimum, proportionate to student athlete