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Acute-Weight-Loss Strategies for Combat Sports and Applications to Olympic Success

Reid Reale, Gary Slater, and Louise M. Burke

It is common for athletes in weight-category sports to try to gain a theoretical advantage by competing in weight divisions that are lower than their day-to-day body mass (BM). Weight loss is achieved not only through chronic strategies (body-fat losses) but also through acute manipulations before weigh-in (“making weight”). Both have performance implications. This review focuses on Olympic combat sports, noting that the varied nature of regulations surrounding the weigh-in procedures, weight requirements, and recovery opportunities in these sports provide opportunity for a wider discussion of factors that can be applied to other weight-category sports. The authors summarize previous literature that has examined the performance effects of weightmaking practices before investigating the physiological nature of these BM losses. Practical recommendations in the form of a decision tree are provided to guide the achievement of acute BM loss while minimizing performance decrements.

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Novel Markers of Recovery From Overtraining Syndrome: The EROS-LONGITUDINAL Study

Flavio A. Cadegiani, Pedro Henrique L. Silva, Tatiana C.P. Abrao, and Claudio E. Kater

, possibly due to complex mechanisms that have been hypothesized previously. 10 , 11 In this context, athletes did not present the expected body composition changes during the 12-week intervention period. Instead, they showed trends toward body fat loss and lean mass increase, although not significantly