). An additional aspect of the climate that has received attention in the sport psychology literature over the past decade is the caring climate. Newton et al. ( 2007 ) defined a caring climate as a setting “that is interpersonally inviting, safe, supportive and capable of providing the experience of
Susumu Iwasaki, Mary D. Fry, and Candace M. Hogue
Kiira N. Poux and Mary D. Fry
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between studentathletes’ perceptions of the motivational climate on their sport teams and their own career exploration and engagement and athletic identity. Student-athletes (N = 101) from various National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I institutions were administered online surveys. Canonical correlation analysis was used to examine the relationship between the climate variables (i.e., caring, task, and ego) and athletic identity, career self-efficacy, and career exploration/engagement. One significant function emerged: Perceptions of a high task-involving climate and moderate caring climate were positively associated with athletes’ reporting higher athletic identity, career self-efficacy, and career exploration/engagement. Results suggest that Division I athletes may benefit from having coaches who foster a caring and task-involving team climate with regard to the athletes’ development as holistic individuals who spend their college years performing at a high level of sport and also preparing for their lives after college and sports.
Mary D. Fry, Candace M. Hogue, Susumu Iwasaki, and Gloria B. Solomon
, Duda, & Chi, 1992 ). Newton and colleagues ( 2007 ) later identified a caring climate as a feature of the motivational climate that incorporates an interpersonal component that has proven complementary to a TIC. Caring climates in sport are defined as settings where athletes are made to feel welcome
Brigid Byrd and Jeffrey J. Martin
The purpose of this cross sectional study was to predict feelings of belonging and social responsibility based on climate perceptions of youth participating in a middle school running program. Method: Seventy-four youth from a middle school track and cross country program in the Midwest participated. Results: Based on multiple regression analyses we predicted 52% of the variance in feelings of belonging largely due to perceptions of leadership emotional support and task climate and 25% of the variance in feelings of social responsibility largely due to perceptions of a caring climate. Conclusions: Our findings support the importance of middle school running programs which offered an environment allowing multiple psychosocial benefits, such as nurturing feelings of belonging and social responsibility.
Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry
, Smith, & Raine, 2015 ). In addition to the importance of creating a task-involving climate, recent research ( Hogue, Fry, & Fry, 2017 ; Newland, Newton, Stark, Podlog, & Hall, 2017 ) has also highlighted the value of fostering a caring climate, where individuals feel safe, welcomed, respected, and