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Young Female Soccer Players’ Perceptions of Their Modified Sport Environment

Michelle McCalpin, Blair Evans, and Jean Côté

Competitive engineering is a process whereby sport organizations modify the rules, facilities, and equipment involved in sport to facilitate desirable athlete outcomes and experiences. Competitive engineering is being increasingly adopted by youth sport organizations with empirical evidence positively supporting its influence on skill development and performance. The purpose of this study was to explore young female athletes’ experiences in their modified soccer environment. Seventeen recreational and competitive soccer players, aged 8–11, participated in semistructured photo elicitation interviews that featured several visual qualitative methods (i.e., athlete-directed photography, drawing exercises, and pile-sorting) to facilitate insight on their sport environments. Results revealed that the athletes’ competitively engineered soccer experience was perceived as being a distinct environment that emphasized personal development, positive relationships, and the underlying enjoyment of sport. These findings shed light of how youth sport structure modifications influence the athletes’ experiences, providing practical implications to further promote positive youth sport experiences.

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Leadership, Bridging, and Group-Game Engineering: Guidelines for Community Sport Coaches

Philippe Crisp

behavior ( Smith, Arthur, Hardy, Callow, & Williams, 2013 ). An example within the sporting world of designing and managing sessions is the concept of Competitive Engineering. This is an approach, based on motivational theory, that centers on how a supportive environment that places its focus on mastery as

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Understanding the Leadership and Environmental Mechanisms in a Super League Netball Club

Don Vinson, Anita Navin, Alison Lamont, Jennifer Turnnidge, and Jean Côté

.J. , & Naughton , G.A. ( 2010 ). Talent development in adolescent team sports: A review . International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5 ( 1 ), 103 – 116 . https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.1.103 Burton , D. , Gillham , A.D. , & Hammermeister , J. ( 2011 ). Competitive engineering