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Effects of Simulated Horseback Riding on Balance, Postural Sway, and Quality of Life in Older Adults With Parkinson’s Disease

Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French, and Kevin A. Becker

in individuals with PD, including noncontact boxing ( Combs et al., 2011 ) and Tai Chi ( Hackney & Earhart, 2008 ), which can elicit improvements in balance and posture in this population. Equine-assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) are other modalities of alternative exercise that have gained

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Repeated Impacts Diminish the Impact Performance of Equestrian Helmets

Carl G. Mattacola, Carolina Quintana, Jed Crots, Kimberly I. Tumlin, and Stephanie Bonin

Context: During thoroughbred races, jockeys are placed in potentially injurious situations, often with inadequate safety equipment. Jockeys frequently sustain head injuries; therefore, it is important that they wear appropriately certified helmets. Objective: The goals of this study are (1) to perform impact attenuation testing according to ASTM F1163-15 on a sample of equestrian helmets commonly used by jockeys in the United States and (2) to quantify headform acceleration and residual crush after repeat impacts at the same location. Participants and Design: Seven helmet models underwent impact attenuation testing according to ASTM F1163-15. A second sample of each helmet model underwent repeat impacts at the crown location for a total of 4 impacts. Setting : Laboratory. Intervention : Each helmet was impacted against a flat and equestrian hazard anvil. Main Outcome Measures: Headform acceleration was recorded during all impact and computed tomography scans were performed preimpact and after impacts 1 and 4 on the crown to quantify liner thickness. Results: Four helmets had 1 impact that exceeded the limit of 300g. During the repeated crown impacts, acceleration remained below 300g for the first and second impacts for all helmets, while only one helmet remained below 300g for all impacts. Foam liner thickness was reduced between 5% and 39% after the first crown impact and between 33% and 70% after the fourth crown impact. Conclusions: All riders should wear a certified helmet and replace it after sustaining a head impact. Following an impact, expanded polystyrene liners compress, and their ability to attenuate head acceleration during subsequent impacts to the same location is reduced. Replacing an impacted helmet may reduce a rider’s head injury risk.

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Harnessing the Power of Equine Assisted Counseling: Adding Animal Assisted Therapy to Your Practice

Charles F. Wheeler III

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Cryotherapy and Intermittent Pneumatic Compression for Soft Tissue Trauma

Susan G. Capps and Mayberry Brook

Edited by Tricia Hubbard

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Lumbar Spine Loading During Dressage Riding

Catherine Mason and Matt Greig

, Bogisch S , Roepstorff L , van Weeren PR , Weishaupt MA . Relationship between the forces acting on the horse’s back and the movements of rider and horse while walking on a treadmill . Equine Vet J . 2010 ; 41 : 285 – 291 . doi:10.2746/042516409X397136 10.2746/042516409X397136 7. Jander CB

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Effectiveness of Simulated Horseback Riding for Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

TaeYeong Kim, JaeHyuk Lee, SeJun Oh, Seungmin Kim, and BumChul Yoon

-up  Stretching 5 5 5 5 Workout  Supine pelvic lift 15 10 5 5  Bridging exercise 15 20 15 10  Side-lying hip abduction – – 10 15 Cooldown  Stretching 5 5 5 5 Abbreviations: SHR, simulated horseback riding; STB, stabilization. SHR Exercise Professionals of physical therapy, equine science, and motor control had

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Nonuniform Deformation of the Patellar Tendon During Passive Knee Flexion

Laura C. Slane, Stijn Bogaerts, Darryl G. Thelen, and Lennart Scheys

equine model, comparisons between a frequently-injured energy-storing tendon and the less-injured positional tendon may provide insight. These studies have shown that while the energy-storing tendon utilizes greater fascicle sliding during function, 39 there is also an age-related reduction in the

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Adaptation of Tendon Structure and Function in Tendinopathy With Exercise and Its Relationship to Clinical Outcome

Kenneth Färnqvist, Stephen Pearson, and Peter Malliaras

tendinous structures in ponies . Equine Vet J . 2007 ; 39 ( 3 ): 226 – 231 . PubMed ID: 17520973 doi:10.2746/042516407X180408 17520973 10.2746/042516407X180408 17. Bosch G , de Mos M , van Binsbergen R , van Schie HT , van de Lest CH , van Weeren PR . The effect of focused extracorporeal

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Role of the Flexion Relaxation Phenomenon in the Analysis of Low Back Pain Risk in the Powerlifter: A Proof-of-Principle Study

Nicola Marotta, Alessandro de Sire, Isabella Bartalotta, Maria Sgro, Roberta Zito, Marco Invernizzi, Antonio Ammendolia, and Teresa Iona

fracture, inflammatory, and infective diseases, caudal equine syndrome, and canal stenosis); (3) serious cardiovascular or metabolic disease; and (4) currently in an acute inflammatory phase of known gastrointestinal or urinary diseases (such as cholecystitis, renal calculi, peritonitis, and appendicitis

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Sagittal Spinal Morphotype Assessment in Dressage and Show Jumping Riders

Angélica Ginés-Díaz, María Teresa Martínez-Romero, Antonio Cejudo, Alba Aparicio-Sarmiento, and Pilar Sainz de Baranda

influence of an 8-week rider core fitness program on the equine back at sitting trot . Int J Perform Anal Sport . 2015 ; 15 ( 3 ): 1145 – 1159 . doi:10.1080/24748668.2015.11868858 10.1080/24748668.2015.11868858 46. Mason H . Our sixth sense of balance . British Dressage . 2006 . http