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Karl M. Newell and Steven Morrison

This paper presents a framework for an evolving dynamical landscape of movement forms and their stability over the lifespan. It is proposed that the complexity and dimensionality of movement forms can expand and contract on a number of growth/decay time scales of change including those of adaptation, development, and learning. The expansion and contraction is reflected in: (1) the range of potential movement forms of the individual in developmental time; and (2) the dimensionality and complexity of any single movement form at a moment of observation given the confluence of individual, environmental, and task constraints. It is postulated that practice, exercise, and fatigue also coalesce to change the time scales of complexity and dimension of movement forms.

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Karl M. Newell

program. What follows is a brief statement on the organization of the meeting and the papers arising that are presented here. The theme for the meeting was human movement in action as expressed through the related foundational constructs of movement forms, function, and skill. This is a central topic in

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David K. Wiggins

am, of course, not the only academician to point out the fractured nature of the field and to call for an interdisciplinary approach to the study of physical activity, exercise, sport, and other human movement forms. In fact, I am just the latest in a long line of individuals who have argued for and

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Patricia Vertinsky

astute in utilizing physical education institutions such as Springfield College and its affiliation with the YMCA to train male athletes in creative movement forms while attempting to conceal his own homosexuality and dispel homophobic attitudes of the time surrounding men who danced. Ensconced at the

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John H. Challis

Humans of different sizes move in very similar ways despite the size difference. The principles of geometric scaling provide insight into the reasons for the similar movement patterns observed. In human locomotion, body size influences endurance running performance, with shorter body sizes being an advantage due to better heat exchange compared with their taller counterparts. Scaling can also show the equivalence of child gait with that of adults in terms of stride length and walking velocity. In humans, maximum jump height is independent of standing height, a scaling result which has been validated by examining jumps with mass added to the body. Finally, strength scales in proportion to body mass to the two-thirds power, which explains why shorter people have greater relative body strength compared with taller individuals. Geometric scaling reveals the underlying principles of many human movement forms.

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Melinda A. Solmon

complex endeavor, as they may be related to a wide range of variables, including developing psychomotor skills, expertise in sport skills and game play, demonstrating competence in a variety of movement forms, attaining health-related fitness, and acquiring content knowledge. Rink ( 2003 ) provides a

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Bradley J. Cardinal

, 6, 42–50. doi:10.1123/kr.2016-0037 2017 Benoît Bardy University of Montpellier-1, Montpellier, France Bardy, B. (2017). Program summation. Theme of the meeting, “Movement Forms, Function and Skill.” Eighty-Seventh Annual Meeting of the National Academy of Kinesiology (Meeting Program), p. 6. 2018

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Monica A.F. Lounsbery and Thomas L. McKenzie

by many school leaders ( Lounsbery et al., 2019 ). Table 1 PE National Standards and Our Critique National PE standards Our critique Standard 1: The physically literate individual demonstrates competency in a variety of motor skills and movement patterns. Competence in movement forms is emphasized

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Peter Hastie

, each of whom was required to collect and report assessment data of at least two movement forms. Student competence in the data reported for competence with noncompliance ranges from 24% to 100%, with the overall mean being less than 43%. Furthermore, in the five most popular activities (basketball

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Jane E. Clark and Jill Whitall

that the emergence of new movement forms could be understood by applying principles from these disciplines, namely, dynamic principles of real-time behavior to motor behavior and its development. While this paper was recognized at the time as being influential, it was a challenge to understand and