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Interdisciplinary-Integration-Interface: The Past, Present, and Future of Biomechanics

Robert J. Gregor, W. Lee Childers, Mark A. Lyle, and Linda Fetters

Biomechanics is a diverse field of study founded in a vertically integrated body of knowledge, from cells to behavior, with the goal of understanding the function of biological systems using methods in mechanics. Historically, the field lies in the general domain of science, not to be isolated but well integrated with others focused on the study of movement. Using advances in technology as a conduit, specific examples of collaborative research involving biomechanics, motor development, and neuromuscular control are discussed. Challenges in the study of interface control (i.e., hypotheses focused on the neural control of movement, performance enhancement, and injury prevention) are presented in the context of the intellectual interface required among scientists to gain a new understanding of the function of biological systems.

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Abundant Degrees of Freedom Are Not a Problem

Mark L. Latash

system (CNS), the multi-level hierarchical scheme for the neural control of movement, the concept of engram (a precursor of generalized motor program), the analysis of dexterity, and the introduction of physiology of activity are among his many great contributions ( Bernstein, 1967 , 1996 ). Arguably

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Motor Control: Creating a Natural Science of Biological Movement

Mark L. Latash

the neural control of movement within a theory of motor control; and (c) Stage 3: Studies of the role of specific neural structures and loops in implementing the hypothetical control schemes and producing the observed behavior. For considerable time, studies did not progress beyond Stage 1, and

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Methodological Advances in Motor Learning and Development

Keith R. Lohse

than another (e.g., I study motor behavior more than neural control of movement), but we should all appreciate the balance between different levels of analysis ( Poggio, 2012 ). As our research questions change, so to do our measures, methods, and theories. Neurophysiology is important, but psychology

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Soccer Skill Performance and Retention Following an 8-Week Adapted Soccer Intervention in Adults With Disabilities

Danielle M. Lang, Emily E. Munn, Claire E. Tielke, Mary G. Nix Caden, Tessa M. Evans, and Melissa M. Pangelinan

et al., 2012 ). These age-related differences may be due, in part, to age-related changes in balance control, physical fitness, neuromuscular function, and neural control of movement ( Zapparoli et al., 2022 ), which play a large role in motor skill learning. Despite these concerns, we chose to