The purpose of this article is to provide background information related to the development of the 2014 American Kinesiology Association (AKA) Leadership Workshop titled “The Future of Teaching and Learning in an Online World”. A brief description of online education is provided, along with a synopsis of the advantages and challenges confronting instructors and administrators in institutions of higher education who are increasingly implementing this form of instruction. An overview of the articles included in this special issue is also provided.
Kim C. Graber and Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko
Todd A. Gilson and Jinhong Jung
The present state of higher education is in a period of transition as alternative forms of content dissemination via blended learning and exclusively online class models continue to expand. In addition, traditional universities face increased pressure to deliver content “on-demand” for the learner from an increasing number of nonprofit and for-profit organizations. In this article, key principles for creating and distributing content for online education are discussed. Furthermore, solutions used by the authors in their own teaching are shared as an additional resource for the reader. Finally, the benefits and drawbacks of two widely known software platforms are explored as they relate to the functionality of delivering content online to students.
Matthew T. Mahar, Tyler R. Hall, Michael D. Delp, and James R. Morrow Jr.
Administrators of kinesiology departments (N = 101) completed a survey that requested information about online education, funding for online courses, and administrator perceptions of the rigor and future of online courses. More master's (n = 18) than undergraduate degree (n = 9) programs were totally online. Forty-nine percent of institutions provide funding to faculty and 37% provide funding to departments for online offerings. Respondents indicated concern about the rigor of online courses. Sixty-one percent indicated that academic rigor is a concern of faculty, 42% did not feel that totally online courses were as rigorous as face-to-face classes, and 65% indicated tests for online courses are not proctored. Despite concerns, 76% indicated they expect to have some or many online courses in the next 5-10 years. Few respondents indicated they expected to have no online courses or almost totally online delivery of courses. Online delivery of instruction is impacting kinesiology, and expansion of online education is likely.
Kayla Baker, Melissa Bopp, Sean M. Bulger, YuChun Chen, Michele L. Duffey, Brian Myers, Dana K. Voelker, and Kaylee F. Woodard
Online course and program delivery in higher education has experienced exponential growth across the past few decades ( Picciano, 2017 ). This growth is due in large part to the perceived benefits associated with online education, including the intriguing promise of anytime and anyplace learning
Paul Keiper and Richard B. Kreider
Online education has become an increasingly popular means of delivering educational programs in health and kinesiology. It has helped departments meet increasing enrollment demands and provided additional resources that support students and faculty. A number of challenges, however, are associated with developing these types of programs. The purpose of this paper is to discuss some of the issues that Texas A&M University has experienced in developing extensive online courses and distance education programs. The paper discusses methods and models employed to develop online and distance programs in health and kinesiology and provides a case study of some of the opportunities and challenges that the Sport Management Division experienced in developing an online master's program. Issues related to efficacy, management, funding, and student success are discussed. Health and kinesiology administrators should consider these issues as they look to develop or grow online course offerings in the discipline.
Diego Júnio da Silva, Arthur Oliveira Barbosa, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, and José Cazuza de Farias Júnior
Background: The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the results and assess the methodological quality of studies that analyzed the relation between physical education participation, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in schoolchildren. Methods: Searches were conducted for original cross-sectional and longitudinal observational studies published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish between January 2007 and August 2020, on the PubMed, Web of Science, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Education Resources Information Center, and Scopus databases. Results: A total of 60 articles (68 independent samples) were included in the revision (58 cross-sectional and 2 longitudinal observational studies). With regard to methodological quality, 27%, 52%, and 21% of the studies were classified as high, moderate, and low methodological quality, respectively. Physical activity was analyzed in 93% of the studies (n = 56) and sedentary behavior in 33% (n = 20). The higher frequency of physical education participation was associated with higher physical activity levels (56 of 68 results – 54/65 cross-sectional and 2/3 longitudinal studies) and less sedentary behavior (14 of 24 results), even after stratifying analyses by type and methodological quality. Conclusion: Physical education class participation may contribute to students being physically more active and less likely to engage in sedentary behavior.
Duane Knudson and Melissa Bopp
demographics that could impact recruitment and retention ( Grawe, 2018 ), with online education a continuing topic of interest. The pandemic brought many online education issues to the forefront, with concerns about content delivery, assessment, and learning outcomes becoming immediate concerns. This abrupt
James R. Morrow Jr.
. Jenkins , R. ( 2017 ). The millennial manual: The complete how-to guide to manage, develop, and engage millennials at work . Atlanta, GA : Ryan Jenkins LLC . Mahar , M.T. , Hall , T.R. , Delp , M.D. , & Morrow , J.R. , Jr. ( 2014 ). The state of online education in kinesiology in the United
Jeffrey T. Fairbrother and Jared Russell
. https://americankinesiology.org/Content/Documents/Position%20Statement_1.pdf Baker , K. , Bopp , M. , Bulger , S.M. , Chen , Y. , Duffey , M.L. , Myers , B. , Voelker , D.K. , & Woodard , K.F. ( 2022 ). Kinesiology faculty reflections on COVID-19 and future directions in online
Melinda A. Solmon
-quality instruction, authentic learning experiences, and connections to a community of scholars provide a solid foundation to promote academic integrity. References Allen , E. , & Seaman , J. ( 2013 ). Changing course: Ten years of tracking online education in the United States. Babson Survey Research Group