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Jimmy Sanderson and Katie Brown

COVID-19 has dramatically altered and disrupted sport in unprecedented ways, and youth sports is one sector that has been profoundly impacted. In the United States, the youth sports industry generates $19 billion dollars annually, while youth sport tourism is estimated at $9 billion annually. With youth sports at a standstill, the effect on the youth sports infrastructure is significant. The purpose of this scholarly commentary was to discuss the psychological, developmental, and economic fallout from the stoppage of youth sports that has touched millions of participants, their families, and a substantial youth sports structural system. This work also addresses the potential restructuring of youth sport megacomplexes, cascading effects of canceled seasons, likely sponsorship losses, and potential growing socioeconomic divide in participation that could result from the pandemic. Thus, there is still much uncertainty about the future of youth sport participation and subsequent adjustments that may impact established participation and consumption norms.

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Scott B. Martin, Peggy A. Richardson, Karen H. Weiller, and Allen W. Jackson

During the past decade females have had more opportunities to participate in sports at various levels than ever before. These opportunities and the recognition received due to their success may have changed peoples’ views regarding same-sex role models, perceived parental encouragement, and expectations of success. Thus, the purpose of the study was to explore role models, perceived encouragement to participate in youth sport from parents, and sport expectations of adolescent athletes and their parents living in the United States of America. A questionnaire was administered to 426 adolescent athletes who competed in youth sport leagues and to one parent within each family unit (n=426). Chi square analysis indicated significant relationships between athletes’ gender and the gender of their role model and between parents’ gender and the gender of their role model (p = .0001). DM MANOVA revealed a significant multivariate difference for adolescent athletes and their parents on the questions concerning expectations for future athletic success. Post hoc analyses indicated that the athletes were more likely than their parents to believe that they could play at the college, Olympic, or professional levels. In addition, boys were more likely than girls to believe that they could play at the college, Olympic, and professional levels.

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Craig Hyatt, Shannon Kerwin, Larena Hoeber, and Katherine Sveinson

assignment of codes and development of emergent themes ( MacQueen, McLellan-Lemal, Bartholow, & Milstein, 2008 ). Data collection stopped after 20 interviews because we reached the point of theoretical saturation, whereby each new interview added less and less to our understanding of parenting and sport

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Asunción Ferri-Morales, Marcus Vinicius Nascimento-Ferreira, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Ana Torres-Costoso, Augusto Cesar F. De Moraes, Alan R. Barker, Luis A. Moreno, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaino, and Luis Gracia-Marco

the adolescents, parents, and sport coaches and schools who helped and participated in this study. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre (CHERC) research team who helped to recruit and measure the adolescents. Finally, L.G-M. acknowledges “Programa

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Johanna M. Hoch, Cori W. Sinnott, Kendall P. Robinson, William O. Perkins, and Jonathan W. Hartman

individuals may develop knee OA around the age of 30 years, which could be detrimental for their desired and expected roles such as their career, parenting, and sport participation. 24 Given the available knowledge regarding the benefits of exercise, it is imperative young people continue to participate in

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Sara Kramers, Martin Camiré, and Corliss Bean

perspectives of multiple stakeholders, as data gathered from youth, parents, and sport administrators would enable a more comprehensive understanding of program quality. Conclusion By comparing implicit and explicit approaches to life skills development using a valid and reliable sport-specific systematic

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Camilla J. Knight

parents and sport organizations. Recommendations and considerations for practice are described next, organized at the individual, relational, and cultural levels. Individual Consideration It is important to consider parents as diverse, with, among others, different reasons for supporting their children