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Stacy A. Clemes, Sarah L. Hamilton, and Paula L. Griffiths

Background:

This study investigated whether pedometer-determined activity varies between summer and winter in normal-weight and overweight adults.

Methods:

Forty-five normal-weight (58% female, age = 39.1 ± 12.4 years, BMI = 22.2 ± 2.1 kg/m2) and 51 overweight (49% female, age = 42.1 ± 12.5 years, BMI = 29.3 ± 4.5 kg/m2) participants completed a within-subject biseasonal pedometer study. All participants completed 2 4-week monitoring periods; 1 period in the summer and 1 period the following winter. Changes in step counts across seasons were calculated and compared for the 2 BMI groups.

Results:

Both BMI groups reported significant summer to winter reductions in step counts, with the magnitude of change being significantly greater in the normal-weight group (−1737 ± 2201 versus −781 ± 1673 steps/day, P = .02). Winter step counts did not differ significantly between the 2 groups (9250 ± 2845 versus 8974 ± 2709 steps/day, P = .63), whereas the normal-weight group reported a significantly higher mean daily step count in the summer (10986 ± 2858 versus 9755 ± 2874 steps/day, P = .04).

Conclusion:

Both normal-weight and overweight individuals experienced a reduction in step counts between summer and winter; however, normal-weight individuals appear more susceptible to winter decreases in ambulatory activity, with the greatest seasonal change occurring on Sundays. Effective physical activity policies should be seasonally tailored to provide opportunities to encourage individuals to be more active during the winter, particularly on weekends.

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Miguel Ángel de la Cámara, Sara Higueras-Fresnillo, David Martinez-Gomez, and Óscar L. Veiga

.A. , Matchett , N. , & Wane , S.L. ( 2007 ). Reactivity: An issue for short-term pedometer studies? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42 ( 1 ), 68 – 70 . doi:10.1136/bjsm.2007.038521 10.1136/bjsm.2007.038521 Cust , A.E. , Smith , B.J. , Chau , J. , van der Ploeg , H.P. , Friedenreich , C

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Kasper Salin, Anna Kankaanpää, Xiaolin Yang, Tuija H. Tammelin, Costan G. Magnussen, Risto Telama, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma S.A. Viikari, Olli T. Raitakari, and Mirja Hirvensalo

subjects, 3596 (83.2%) agreed to participate in the initial survey in 1980. These participants have been followed up with on 7 occasions; there were 2204 participants in 2007, of which 1874 (85.0%) participated in the pedometer study for measuring PA objectively. In 2011, 2005 participants took part in the

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Susan Park, Lindsay P. Toth, Scott E. Crouter, Cary M. Springer, Robert T. Marcotte, and David R. Bassett

.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0899 McCormack , G. , Milligan , R. , Giles-Corti , B. , & Clarkson , J. ( 2003 ). Physical activity levels of western Australian adults: Results from the adult physical activity survey and pedometer study, Pert, Western Australia (pp. 64 – 72 ). Perth, Western Australia : The

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Andrew P. Kingsnorth, Mhairi Patience, Elena Moltchanova, Dale W. Esliger, Nicola J. Paine, and Matthew Hobbs

determine valid days ( Chu et al., 2017 ; Mikkelsen et al., 2020 ), which was derived within a pedometer study on both waist and wrist devices ( Tudor-Locke, Barreira, & Schuna, 2015 ). It was therefore decided that weekly totals were deemed valid if four or more valid days (≥1,500 steps/day) were provided