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Terese Wilhelmsen and Marit Sørensen

This systematic review examines research published from 2009 to 2015 on inclusion of children with disabilities in physical education according to the PRISMA guidelines. We have used a stakeholder approach as a framework for organizing and discussing the results. The searches yielded 535 studies, of which 112 were included. The systematic review outlines which stakeholder perspectives received the most attention, the main themes and findings, the methodological trends that governed the research contribution, and the country of data collection. The main findings indicated that perspectives of pre- and in-service teachers and studies of attitudes still dominate the research contributions. The strengths and limitations of the research conducted to date highlight that several other perspectives need to be discussed. Especially important is seeking information from children with disabilities themselves. Other barriers and facilitators perceived by those actively involved in the inclusion process need to be sought.

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Raul Reina, Yeshayahu Hutzler, María C. Iniguez-Santiago, and Juan A. Moreno-Murcia

This study addresses the associations between students’ ability beliefs and attitudes toward inclusion in physical education, as well as the impact of gender and previous contact/participation with children with disability on these variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 976 students (491 girls and 485 boys; age 11–16 years), who responded to ability beliefs and attitudes questionnaires. Ability beliefs (entity and incremental) and the 3 sociodemographic variables predicted 20.4% and 9% of the behavioral and cognitive subscales of attitudes, respectively. Students with higher scores for entity beliefs of ability had a less favorable attitude toward inclusion. Girls reported more favorable attitudes toward inclusion than boys. Students who indicated previous participation in physical activities with children with disabilities showed attitudes that were more favorable in both the behavioral and cognitive subscales, while those who reported previous contact had more favorable attitudes in the behavioral subscale and lower entity beliefs. However, the 3 sociodemographic variables had a lower contribution to the explained variance of attitudes.

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Lijuan Wang

Students with special educational needs are those who do not fit in standard behavioral models. Such students also show certain difficulties in dealing with educational and pedagogical tasks ( Milanovic & Markovic, 2014 ; Wang & Qi, 2015 ). An increasing number of students with special educational

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Justin A. Haegele, Takahiro Sato, Xihe Zhu, and T. Nicole Kirk

with special educational needs understand physical education . European Physical Education Review, 17 ( 2 ), 167 – 181 . doi:10.1177/1356336X11413183 10.1177/1356336X11413183 Coates , J. , & Vickerman , P. ( 2008 ). Let the children have their say: Children with special educational needs and

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Chunxiao Li, Ngai Kiu Wong, Raymond K.W. Sum, and Chung Wah Yu

. , & Chitiyo , M. ( 2011 ). An examination of teacher attitudes towards children with autism . Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 11 , 70 – 78 . doi:10.1111/j.1471-3802.2010.01181.x 10.1111/j.1471-3802.2010.01181.x Park , M. , Chitiyo , M. , & Choi , Y.S. ( 2010 ). Examining pre

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Mey A. van Munster, Laureen J. Lieberman, and Michelle A. Grenier

activity, recreation and sport: Crossdisciplinary and lifespan ( 6th ed. ). Boston, MA : McGraw-Hill . Smith , A. , & Thomas , N. ( 2006 ). Including pupils with special educational needs and disabilities in National Curriculum Physical Education: A brief review . European Journal of Special Needs

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Mohsen Shafizadeh, Nicola Theis, and Keith Davids

). London, UK : Elsevier Mosby . 10.1016/B978-072343285-2.50011-5 Coates , J. , & Vickerman , P. ( 2010 ). Empowering children with special educational needs to speak up: Experiences of inclusive physical education . Disability and Rehabilitation, 32 , 1517 – 1526 . PubMed ID: 20568986 doi:10

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Justin A. Haegele, Samuel R. Hodge, Xihe Zhu, Steven K. Holland, and Wesley J. Wilson

being active: The experienced difficulties in PE when having a disability . Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 30, 40 – 58 . doi:10.1123/apaq.30.1.40 10.1123/apaq.30.1.40 Coates , J. ( 2011 ). Physically fit or physically literate? How children with special educational needs understand

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Minhyun Kim, José A. Santiago, Chan Woong Park, and Emily A. Roper

engaging students with disabilities . Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 19 ( 1 ), 68 – 76 . doi. 10.1111/1471-3802.12425 Skaalvik , E.M. , & Skaalvik , S. ( 2009 ). Does school context matter? Relations with teacher burnout and job

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Kyle Pushkarenko, Janice Causgrove Dunn, and Donna L. Goodwin

. Coates , J. ( 2011 ). Physically fit or physically literate? How children with special educational needs understand physical education . European Physical Education Review, 17 ( 2 ), 167 – 181 .